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On poles and centers : cities in the french style

Author

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  • BOURDEAU-LEPAGE, Lise

    () (LEG - CNRS UMR 5118 - MSH - Université de Bourgogne)

  • HURIOT, Jean-Marie

    () (LEG - CNRS UMR 5118 - MSH - Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

The term "center" covers a multiple facets reality. A center is not only a concentration of activities. The concept of center can be associated with the ideas of domination, of power, of creation and of interaction. Consequently, the "multicentric city" is an oversimplified view of the contemporary city. The so-called "secondary centers" do not replicate the main center and they are clearly differentiated. Defining the "pole" as a concentration of activities and the "center" as a dominant pole in terms of high-order and strategic activities seems to be more accurate to interpret present urban restructuring in France. At the light of this distinction, the hypothesis can be supported that French cities generally have only one center but many poles.This is the Multipolar Specialized Monocentric hypothesis.

Suggested Citation

  • BOURDEAU-LEPAGE, Lise & HURIOT, Jean-Marie, 2004. "On poles and centers : cities in the french style," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2004-07, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
  • Handle: RePEc:lat:legeco:2004-07
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    File URL: http://leg.u-bourgogne.fr/images/stories/pdf/doc_trav2004/e2004-07.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alex Anas & Richard Arnott & Kenneth A. Small, 1998. "Urban Spatial Structure," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 36(3), pages 1426-1464, September.
    2. Fujita,Masahisa & Thisse,Jacques-François, 2013. "Economics of Agglomeration," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9781107001411, December.
    3. Giuliano, Genevieve & Small, Kenneth A., 1991. "Subcenters in the Los Angeles region," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, pages 163-182.
    4. Huriot,Jean-Marie & Thisse,Jacques-François (ed.), 2000. "Economics of Cities," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521641906, March.
    5. Frédéric Gaschet, 2002. "articles: The new intra-urban dynamics: Suburbanisation and functional specialisation in French cities," Papers in Regional Science, Springer;Regional Science Association International, vol. 81(1), pages 63-81.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bourdeau-Lepage, Lise & Huriot, Jean-Marie & Perreur, Jacky, 2012. "À la recherche de la centralité perdue," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Editions NecPlus, vol. 2009(03), pages 549-572, May.
    2. BOURDEAU-LEPAGE, Lise & HURIOT, Jean-Marie & PERREUR, Jacky, 2008. "In search of lost centrality," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2008-01, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
    3. Aguiléra, Anne & Wenglenski, Sandrine & Proulhac, Laurent, 2009. "Employment suburbanisation, reverse commuting and travel behaviour by residents of the central city in the Paris metropolitan area," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 43(7), pages 685-691, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    urban sprawl ; employment poles ; city center ; french cities;

    JEL classification:

    • R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General

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