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A la recherche de la centralité perdue

Author

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  • Lise Bourdeau-Lepage

    (UR DTGR - Développement des territoires montagnards - IRSTEA - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture)

  • J.M. Huriot

    (LEG - Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion - UB - Université de Bourgogne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • J. Perreur

    (LEG - Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion - UB - Université de Bourgogne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Les mutations majeures de l'organisation de l'espace économique semblent remettre en question le concept de centralité et ses applications tout particulièrement à l'échelle de la ville, des réseaux de villes et de l'économie globalisée. L'étalement urbain fait émerger une centralité diffuse, multiple. La globalisation recompose les flux matériels et immatériels, et redistribue le pouvoir économique au bénéfice des villes globales. Une analyse précise des termes « centre » et « centralité » et des phénomènes qu'ils recouvrent permet de montrer que les schémas classiques, convenablement adaptés, restent pertinents à l'échelle des villes, mais que de nouveaux schémas de centralité apparaissent bien au niveau mondial, essentiellement sur une base réticulaire. / The major changes of economic space organization seem to cast doubt over the concept of centrality and its applications, especially at the city, city network and global economy scales. Urban sprawl gives rise to a diffused or multiple centrality. Economic globalization reorganizes material and immaterial flows, and redistributes economic power to the advantage of global cities. A precise analysis of the terms center and centrality and of the phenomena they refer to permits to show that the classical patterns, if they are properly adapted, remain relevant at the urban scale, but that new centrality patterns are emerging at the world scale, on a reticular basis.

Suggested Citation

  • Lise Bourdeau-Lepage & J.M. Huriot & J. Perreur, 2009. "A la recherche de la centralité perdue," Post-Print hal-00453859, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00453859
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00453859
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fujita,Masahisa, 1991. "Urban Economic Theory," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521396455, March.
    2. Lise Bourdeau-Lepage, 2007. "Advanced Services and City Globalization on the Eastern Fringe of Europe," Post-Print halshs-00202967, HAL.
    3. P.J. Taylor & G. Catalano & D.R.F. Walker, 2002. "Measurement of the World City Network," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 39(13), pages 2367-2376, December.
    4. BOURDEAU-LEPAGE, Lise & HURIOT, Jean-Marie, 2004. "On poles and centers : cities in the french style," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2004-07, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
    5. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
    6. Fujita, Masahisa & Krugman, Paul & Mori, Tomoya, 1999. "On the evolution of hierarchical urban systems1," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 209-251, February.
    7. Prebisch, Raúl, 1950. "The economic development of Latin America and its principal problems," Sede de la CEPAL en Santiago (Estudios e Investigaciones) 29973, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
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    Keywords

    VILLE; MONDIALISATION; RESEAU; CENTRALITE;

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