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The evolution of the spatial and sectoral patterns in Ile-De-France over 1978-1997

  • GUILLAIN, Rachel

    ()

    (LEG - CNRS UMR 5118 - Université de Bourgogne)

  • LE GALLO, Julie

    ()

    (IERSO (IFReDE-GRES) - Université Montesquieu-BordeauxIV)

  • BOITEUX-ORAIN, Céline

    ()

    (LEG - CNRS UMR 5118 - Université de Bourgogne)

The aim of this paper is to analyze the intra-urban spatial distribution of employment in the agglomeration of Ile-de-France in 1978 and 1997. In that purpose, exploratory spatial data analysis is used in order to identify employment centers and a sectoral analysis of the CBD and the subcenters is performed. Our results highlight a suburbanization process of employment between 1978 and 1997 in Ile-de-France. A more polarized space emerges in 1997 compared to 1978 with several employment centers specialized in different activities. Moreover, even if the spatial influence of the CBD is diminishing during the study period, the CBD preserves its economic leadership by concentrating a large variety of high-order producer services. / Le but de cet article est d'analyser la distribution intra-urbaine de l'emploi dans l'agglomération de l'Ile-de-France en 1978 et en 1997. Dans ce but, nous effectuons premièrement une analyse exploratoire des données spatiales afin d'identifier les centres d'emplois et deuxièmement une étude sectorielle de l'emploi dans le CBD et les centres périphériques. Les résultats indiquent un processus de suburbanisation de l'emploi entre 1978 et 1997 en Ile-de-France. Un espace plus polarisé émerge en 1997 par rapport à 1978 avec l'apparition de différents centres d'emploi spécialisés. De plus, même si l'influence spatiale du CBD diminue sur la période, il conserve néanmoins sa suprématie économique en concentrant une grande variété de services supérieurs aux producteurs.

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Paper provided by LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne in its series LEG - Document de travail - Economie with number 2004-02.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lat:legeco:2004-02
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  1. Peter Mieszkowski & Edwin S. Mills, 1993. "The Causes of Metropolitan Suburbanization," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 7(3), pages 135-147, Summer.
  2. Anas, Alex & Arnott, Richard & Small, Kenneth A., 1997. "Urban Spatial Structure," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt835049q3, University of California Transportation Center.
  3. Edward L. Glaeser & Matthew E. Kahn, 2003. "Sprawl and Urban Growth," NBER Working Papers 9733, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Giuliano, Genevieve & Small, Kenneth A., 1991. "Subcenters in the Los Angeles Region," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt7xv976dj, University of California Transportation Center.
  5. McMillen, Daniel P. & William Lester, T., 2003. "Evolving subcenters: employment and population densities in Chicago, 1970-2020," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 60-81, March.
  6. Small, Kenneth A. & Song, Shunfeng, 1994. "Population and Employment Densities: Structure and Change," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt6nk5v6b4, University of California Transportation Center.
  7. Daniel P. McMillen & John F. McDonald, 1998. "Population Density in Suburban Chicago: A Bid-rent Approach," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 35(7), pages 1119-1130, June.
  8. Nathan B. Anderson & William T. Bogart, 2001. "The Structure of Sprawl: Identifying and Characterizing Employment Centers in Polycentric Metropolitan Areas," American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(1), pages 147-169, 01.
  9. Sivitanidou, Rena, 1996. "Do Office-Commercial Firms Value Access to Service Employment Centers? A Hedonic Value Analysis within Polycentric Los Angeles," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 125-149, September.
  10. McMillen, Daniel P. & McDonald, John F., 1998. "Suburban Subcenters and Employment Density in Metropolitan Chicago," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 157-180, March.
  11. BOITEUX-ORAIN, Céline & GUILLAIN, Rachel, 2003. "Changes in the intra-metropolitan location of producer services in Ile-De-France (1978-1997): do information technologies promote a more dispersed spatial pattern," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2003-06, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
  12. Catherine Baumont & Cem Ertur & Julie Le Gallo, 2003. "Spatial Analysis Of Employment And Population Density: The Case Of The Agglomeration Of Dijon, 1999," Urban/Regional 0310003, EconWPA.
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