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How has financial deepening affected poverty reduction in India? : empirical analysis using state-level panel data

  • Inoue, Takeshi
  • Hamori, Shigeyuki

This paper examines empirically whether financial deepening has contributed to poverty reduction in India. Using unbalanced panel data for 28 states and union territories between 1973 and 2004, we estimate models in which the poverty ratio is explained by financial deepening, controlling for international openness, inflation rate, and economic growth. From the dynamic generalised method of moments (GMM) estimation, we find that financial deepening and economic growth alleviate poverty, while international openness and the inflation rate have the opposite effect. These results are robust to changes in the poverty ratios in rural areas, urban areas, and the whole economy.

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Paper provided by Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO) in its series IDE Discussion Papers with number 249.

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Date of creation: Aug 2010
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Publication status: Published in IDE Discussion Paper. No. 249. 2010.8
Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper249
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