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The Structure of the Permanent Job Wage Premium: Evidence from Europe

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  • Kahn, Lawrence M.

    (Cornell University)

Abstract

Using longitudinal data on individuals from the European Community Household Panel (ECHP) for thirteen countries during 1995-2001, I investigate the wage premium for permanent jobs relative to temporary jobs. The countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom. I find that among men the wage premium for a permanent vs. temporary job is lower for older workers and native born workers; for women, the permanent job wage premium is lower for older workers and those with longer job tenure. Moreover, there is some evidence that among immigrant men, the permanent job premium is especially high for those who migrated from outside the European Union. These findings all suggest that the gain to promotion into permanent jobs is indeed higher for those with less experience in the domestic labor market. In contrast to the effects for the young and immigrants, the permanent job pay premium is slightly smaller on average for women than for men, even though on average women have less experience in the labor market than men do. It is possible that women even in permanent jobs are in segregated labor markets. But as noted, among women, the permanent job wage premium is higher for the young and those with less current tenure, suggesting that even in the female labor market, employers pay attention to experience differences.

Suggested Citation

  • Kahn, Lawrence M., 2013. "The Structure of the Permanent Job Wage Premium: Evidence from Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 7623, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7623
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lawrence M. Kahn, 2007. "The Impact of Employment Protection Mandates on Demographic Temporary Employment Patterns: International Microeconomic Evidence," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(521), pages 333-356, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ramskogler, Paul, 2021. "Labour market hierarchies and the macro-economy – Do labour market dualities affect wage growth in Europe?," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 154-165.
    2. Per Skedinger, 2018. "Non-standard Employment in Sweden," De Economist, Springer, vol. 166(4), pages 433-454, December.
    3. Inga Laß & Mark Wooden, 2020. "Temporary Employment Contracts and Household Income," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 147(1), pages 111-132, January.
    4. Dias da Silva, António & Turrini, Alessandro, 2015. "Precarious and Less Well Paid? Wage Differences between Permanent and Fixed-term Contracts across the EU," IZA Policy Papers 105, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Maurizio, Roxana., 2016. "Non-standard forms of employment in Latin America : prevalence, characteristics and impacts on wages," ILO Working Papers 994906973402676, International Labour Organization.
    6. Duman, Anil, 2020. "Non-Standard Employment and Wage Differences across Gender: a quantile regression approach," GLO Discussion Paper Series 664, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    7. Albanese, Andrea & Gallo, Giovanni, 2020. "Buy flexible, pay more: The role of temporary contracts on wage inequality," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(C).
    8. Lawrence M. Kahn, 2018. "Permanent Jobs, Employment Protection, and Job Content," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 469-538, July.
    9. Garcia-Louzao, Jose & Hospido, Laura & Ruggieri, Alessandro, 2021. "Dual Returns to Experience," IZA Discussion Papers 14596, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    10. Lehner, Lukas & Ramskogler, Paul & Riedl, Aleksandra, 2022. "Begging thy coworker – Labor market dualization and the slow-down of wage growth in Europe," INET Oxford Working Papers 2022-04, Institute for New Economic Thinking at the Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford.
    11. Diego Daruich & Sabrina Di Addario & Raffaele Saggio, 2020. "The Effects of Partial Employment Protection Reforms: Evidence from Italy," Development Working Papers 463, Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano, University of Milano, revised 27 Apr 2020.
    12. Inga Laß & Thomas Skora & Heiko Rüger & Mark Wooden & Martin Bujard, 2021. "Does temporary employment increase length of commuting: Longitudinal evidence from Australia and Germany," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2021n07, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
    13. Iga Magda & Monika Potoczna, 2014. "Does flexible employment pay? European evidence on the wage perspectives of female workers," IBS Working Papers 3/2014, Instytut Badan Strukturalnych.
    14. Satu Ojala & Jouko Nätti & Liudmila Lipiäinen, 2018. "Types of Temporary Employment: An 8-Year Follow-Up of Labour Market Attachment," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 138(1), pages 141-163, July.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    temporary jobs; segmented labor markets; wage structure;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J42 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Monopsony; Segmented Labor Markets

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