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Market Distortions and Local Indeterminacy: A General Approach

Listed author(s):
  • Lloyd-Braga, Teresa

    ()

    (Católica Lisbon)

  • Modesto, Leonor

    ()

    (Universidade Catolica Portuguesa, Lisbon)

  • Seegmuller, Thomas

    ()

    (GREQAM, University of Aix-Marseille)

We provide a methodology to study the role of market distortions on the emergence of indeterminacy and bifurcations. Most of the specific market imperfections considered in the related literature are particular cases of our framework. Comparing them we obtain several equivalence results in terms of local dynamic properties, highlighting the main channels and classes of distortions responsible for indeterminacy. Our methodology consists in introducing general specifications for the elasticities of the crucial functions defining the aggregate equilibrium dynamics of the model. This allows us to study how market distortions influence the range of values for the elasticity of inputs substitution under which local indeterminacy and bifurcations occur. Applying this methodology to the Woodford (1986) framework we find that distortions in the capital market, per se, do not play a major role. We further show that, for empirically plausible values of elasticity of substitution between inputs, indeterminacy requires a minimal degree of distortions. This degree seems to be high under output market distortions, while with labor market distortions the required degree is empirically plausible.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5603.

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Length: 50 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2011
Publication status: published in: Journal of Economic Theory, 2014, 151, 216–247
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5603
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  1. Dufourt, Frédéric & Lloyd-Braga, Teresa & Modesto, Leonor, 2008. "Indeterminacy, Bifurcations, And Unemployment Fluctuations," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(S1), pages 75-89, April.
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  3. Gokan, Yoichi, 2006. "Dynamic effects of government expenditure in a finance constrained economy," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 127(1), pages 323-333, March.
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  6. Benhabib Jess & Farmer Roger E. A., 1994. "Indeterminacy and Increasing Returns," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 19-41, June.
  7. Dos Santos Ferreira, Rodolphe & Lloyd-Braga, Teresa, 2008. "Business cycles with free entry ruled by animal spirits," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(11), pages 3502-3519, November.
  8. Seegmuller, Thomas, 2008. "Taste For Variety And Endogenous Fluctuations In A Monopolistic Competition Model," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(04), pages 561-577, September.
  9. Lloyd-Braga, Teresa & Modesto, Leonor, 2007. "Indeterminacy in a finance constrained unionized economy," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3-4), pages 347-364, April.
  10. Guo, Jang-Ting & Lansing, Kevin J., 1998. "Indeterminacy and Stabilization Policy," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 481-490, October.
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  12. Cazzavillan, Guido & Lloyd-Braga, Teresa & Pintus, Patrick A., 1998. "Multiple Steady States and Endogenous Fluctuations with Increasing Returns to Scale in Production," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 60-107, May.
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  16. Nicolas L. Dromel & Patrick A. Pintus, 2008. "Are Progressive Income Taxes Stabilizing?," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 10(3), pages 329-349, 06.
  17. Thomas Seegmuller, 2009. "Capital-Labour Substitution And Endogenous Fluctuations: A Monopolistic Competition Approach With Variable Markup," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 60(3), pages 301-319.
  18. Dos Santos Ferreira, Rodolphe & Lloyd-Braga, Teresa, 2005. "Non-linear endogenous fluctuations with free entry and variable markups," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 847-871, May.
  19. Sharon G. Harrison, 2003. "Returns to Scale and Externalities in the Consumption and Investment Sectors," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 6(4), pages 963-976, October.
  20. Bjørn Volkerink & Jan-Egbert Sturm & Jakob de Haan, 2002. "Tax Ratios in Macroeconomics: Do Taxes Really Matter?," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 29(3), pages 209-224, September.
  21. Schmitt-Grohe, Stephanie & Uribe, Martin, 1997. "Balanced-Budget Rules, Distortionary Taxes, and Aggregate Instability," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(5), pages 976-1000, October.
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  31. d’ASPREMONT, Claude & DOS SANTOS FERREIRA, Rodolphe & GERARD-VARET, Louis-André, 2000. "Endogenous business cycles and business formation with strategic investment," CORE Discussion Papers 2000053, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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