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Alternative government financing and aggregate fluctuations driven by self-fulfilling expectations

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  • Gokan, Yoichi

Abstract

Using Woodford's finance-constrained model [Woodford, M., 1986. Stationary sunspot equilibria in a finance constrained economy. Journal of Economic Theory 40, 128-137] with external effects in production as in Barinci and Cheron [2001. Sunspots and business cycle in a finance constrained economy. Journal of Economic Theory 97, 30-49], this paper investigates the effects of alternative government financing methods on the range of values of increasing returns leading to an indeterminate steady state. It will be shown that indeterminacy may easily arise at a wide range of values of increasing returns if constant government expenditure is financed through labor income taxes, and with difficulty if constant government expenditure is financed by taxes on capital. In addition, we explore how the consequences of endogenous income taxes are changed if tax rates on labor and capital income are kept constant and government expenditure is endogenously adjusted to satisfy the budget constraint.

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  • Gokan, Yoichi, 2008. "Alternative government financing and aggregate fluctuations driven by self-fulfilling expectations," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 1650-1679, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:32:y:2008:i:5:p:1650-1679
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    Cited by:

    1. Gokan, Yoichi, 2011. "Poverty traps, the money growth rule, and the stage of financial development," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 1273-1287, August.
    2. Xue, Jianpo & Yip, Chong K., 2014. "Factor substitution and taxation in a finance constrained economy," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 101-112.
    3. Jianpo Xue & Chong K. Yip, 2013. "Balanced-Budget Rules and Aggregate Instability: The Role of Consumption Taxes in a Monetary Economy," Working Papers 112013, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
    4. Huang, Kevin X.D. & Meng, Qinglai & Xue, Jianpo, 2017. "Balanced-budget income taxes and aggregate stability in a small open economy," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 90-101.
    5. Gokan, Yoichi, 2013. "Indeterminacy, labor and capital income taxes, and non-linear tax schedules," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 138-149.
    6. Chen, Yan & Zhang, Yan, 2010. "Externalities, income taxes and indeterminacy in OLG models," MPRA Paper 22370, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Kevin x.d. Huang & Qinglai Meng & Jianpo Xue, 2017. "Balanced-budget rules and aggregate instability: The role of endogenous capital utilization," Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers 17-00005, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics.

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