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Indeterminacy in a finance constrained unionized economy

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  • Lloyd-Braga, Teresa
  • Modesto, Leonor

Abstract

We introduce labour market imperfections (i.e. unions and the existence of a wage floor) in a finance-constrained monetary economy with heterogenous agents and increasing returns to scale due to labour and capital productive externalities. We find that indeterminacy emerges for empirically plausible values of the parameters, compatible with a downward-sloping marginal productivity of labour curve. Moreover, we show that indeterminacy and Hopf bifurcations are possible with an (arbitrarily) small degree of (total) externalities provided that the share of labour externalities exceed a lower bound, which decreases with union power. We also find that unions increase simultaneously steady-state employment, capital accumulation and welfare if the marginal productivity of labour is decreasing in employment.
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  • Lloyd-Braga, Teresa & Modesto, Leonor, 2007. "Indeterminacy in a finance constrained unionized economy," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3-4), pages 347-364, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:mateco:v:43:y:2007:i:3-4:p:347-364
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Leonor Modesto & Frédéric Dufourt & Teresa Lloyd-Braga, "undated". "Indeterminacy and Unemployment Fluctuations With Constant Returns to Scale in Production," EcoMod2006 272100064, EcoMod.
    2. Teresa Lloyd-Braga & Leonor Modesto & Thomas Seegmuller, 2008. "Tax Rate Variability and Public Spending as Sources of Indeterminacy," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 10(3), pages 399-421, June.
    3. Lloyd-Braga, Teresa & Modesto, Leonor & Seegmuller, Thomas, 2014. "Market distortions and local indeterminacy: A general approach," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, pages 216-247.
    4. Lloyd-Braga, Teresa & Modesto, Leonor, 2007. "Indeterminacy in a finance constrained unionized economy," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3-4), pages 347-364, April.
    5. Thomas Seegmuller & Leonor Modesto & Teresa Lloyd-Braga, 2008. "Market Imperfections and Endogenous Fluctuations," 2008 Meeting Papers 739, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    6. Sjögren, Tomas, 2017. "Can a Marginally Distorted Labor Market Improve Capital Accumulation, Output and Welfare?," Umeå Economic Studies 946, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
    7. Dufourt, Frédéric & Lloyd-Braga, Teresa & Modesto, Leonor, 2008. "Indeterminacy, Bifurcations, And Unemployment Fluctuations," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(S1), pages 75-89, April.
    8. Koskela, Erkki & Puhakka, Mikko, 2007. "Stability and Dynamics in an Overlapping Generations Economy with Flexible Wage Negotiations," IZA Discussion Papers 3246, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Xue, Jianpo & Yip, Chong K., 2014. "Factor substitution and taxation in a finance constrained economy," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 101-112.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects

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