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Free entry and business cycles under the influence of animal spirits

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  • Rodolphe dos Santos Ferreira

    (BETA - Bureau d'Économie Théorique et Appliquée - UNISTRA - Université de Strasbourg - UL - Université de Lorraine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique)

  • Frederic Dufourt

    (BETA - Bureau d'Économie Théorique et Appliquée - UNISTRA - Université de Strasbourg - UL - Université de Lorraine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique)

Abstract

We provide a business cycle model in which endogenous markup fluctuations are the main driving force. These fluctuations occur due to some form of 'animal spirits', impelling firms in their entry-exit decisions within each sector. By contrast to existing models of the business cycle emphasizing the role of animal spirits, we do not rely on the sink property of the equilibrium to generate indeterminacy. Hence, while our model does pretty well in accounting for the main features of US business cycles, it avoids several criticisms addressed to these former models, concerning either their dependence upon strongly increasing returns and too high markups, or their implication of countercyclical movements of consumption.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodolphe dos Santos Ferreira & Frederic Dufourt, 2006. "Free entry and business cycles under the influence of animal spirits," Post-Print halshs-00789030, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00789030
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00789030
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    Cited by:

    1. Vera Ivanova & Philip Ushchev, 2019. "Product Differentiation, Competitive Toughness, and Intertemporal Substitution," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 121(3), pages 1244-1269, July.
    2. Pengfei Wang & Yi Wen, 2007. "Incomplete information and self-fulfilling prophecies," Working Papers 2007-033, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    3. Jaimovich, Nir, 2007. "Firm dynamics and markup variations: Implications for sunspot equilibria and endogenous economic fluctuations," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 137(1), pages 300-325, November.
    4. Florin O. Bilbiie & Fabio Ghironi & Marc J. Melitz, 2012. "Endogenous Entry, Product Variety, and Business Cycles," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 120(2), pages 304-345.
    5. Frederic Dufourt & Rodolphe Dos Santos Ferreira, 2006. "Indeterminacy of Free Entry Equilibria: General Approach and Macroeconomic Applications," EcoMod2006 272100021, EcoMod.
    6. Anthony Savagar, 2017. "Firm Dynamics, Dynamic Reallocation, Variable Markups, and Productivity Behaviour," Studies in Economics 1713, School of Economics, University of Kent.
    7. Huw Dixon & ANTHONY SAVAGAR, 2017. "The Effect of Firm Entry on Capacity Utilization and Macroeconomic Productivity," 2017 Meeting Papers 1130, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    8. Pavlov, Oscar & Weder, Mark, 2012. "Variety matters," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 629-641.
    9. Brito, Paulo B. & Costa, Luís F. & Dixon, Huw, 2013. "Non-smooth dynamics and multiple equilibria in a Cournot–Ramsey model with endogenous markups," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 2287-2306.
    10. Rodolphe Dos Santos Ferreira & Frédéric Dufourt, 2013. "On Stabilization Policy in Sunspot-Driven Oligopolistic Economies," AMSE Working Papers 1337, Aix-Marseille School of Economics, France, revised 30 Jun 2013.
    11. Ant Afonso & Lu . Costa, 2013. "Market power and fiscal policy in OECD countries," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(32), pages 4545-4555, November.
    12. Anthony Savagar, 2018. "Measured Productivity with Endogenous Markups and Economic Profits," Studies in Economics 1812, School of Economics, University of Kent.
    13. Lloyd-Braga, Teresa & Modesto, Leonor & Seegmuller, Thomas, 2014. "Market distortions and local indeterminacy: A general approach," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 151(C), pages 216-247.
    14. Rodolphe Dos Santos Ferreira & Frédéric Dufourt, 2007. "Free entry equilibria with positive profits: A unified approach to quantity and price competition games," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 3(2), pages 75-94, June.
    15. Dos Santos Ferreira, Rodolphe & Lloyd-Braga, Teresa, 2008. "Business cycles with free entry ruled by animal spirits," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(11), pages 3502-3519, November.
    16. Wang, Pengfei & Wen, Yi, 2008. "Imperfect competition and indeterminacy of aggregate output," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 143(1), pages 519-540, November.
    17. Pedro Gil, 2013. "Animal spirits and the composition of innovation in a lab-equipment R&D model with transition," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 108(1), pages 1-33, January.
    18. Gil, Pedro Mazeda, 2010. "Stylised facts and other empirical evidence on firm dynamics, business cycle and growth," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 73-80, June.
    19. Richard W. Evans, 2007. "Is openness inflationary? Imperfect competition and monetary market power," Globalization Institute Working Papers 01, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    20. Pedro Rui Mazeda Gil, 2009. "Animal Spirits and the Composition of Innovation in a Lab-Equipment R&D Model," FEP Working Papers 336, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
    21. André Lorentz & Maria Savona, 2010. "Structural Change and Business Cycles: An Evolutionary Approach," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2010-21, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.

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