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Health Effects of Fuel Transitions in India: Evidence from Panel Data


  • Azam, Mehtabul

    (Oklahoma State University)


We use a nationally representative panel data and combine difference-in-differences methodology with multivalued treatments to look at the impact of cooking fuel switch towards LPG on the probability of short-term adverse respiratory health outcomes such as cough and cough with breathing issues. We find that a switch by households from polluting fuels to LPG reduces the probability of any household member reporting adverse short-term respiratory issues. However, a switch from polluting fuels to a fuel stacking strategy has no impact on the adverse respiratory health issues. A reverse switch by households from LPG to polluting fuels increases the probability of household members reporting adverse health outcomes. Importantly, the clean switch to LPG has a much larger impact for women in reducing the incidence of short-term adverse respiratory outcomes.

Suggested Citation

  • Azam, Mehtabul, 2023. "Health Effects of Fuel Transitions in India: Evidence from Panel Data," IZA Discussion Papers 15852, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp15852

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    More about this item


    fuel switching; difference-in-differences; multivalued treatments;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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