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How Different Are Immigrants? A Cross-Country and Cross-Survey Analysis of Educational Achievement

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  • Schnepf, Sylke V.

    () (European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre)

Abstract

This paper examines differences in educational achievement between immigrants and natives in ten countries with a high population of immigrant pupils: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Sweden, Switzerland, the UK and the USA. The first step of the analysis shows how far countries differ regarding immigrants’ educational disadvantage. In a second step, the paper compares immigrants’ characteristics across countries focusing predominantly on socioeconomic status, language proficiency, immigrants’ time spent in the host country and patterns of school segregation. Using a regression framework the last step of the analysis investigates how far these determinants of educational achievement can explain immigrants’ educational disadvantage in the countries examined. The paper evaluates whether results found are robust across different sources of achievement data: the Trends in International Maths and Science Study (TIMSS), the Programme of International Student Assessment (PISA) and the Programme of International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS).

Suggested Citation

  • Schnepf, Sylke V., 2004. "How Different Are Immigrants? A Cross-Country and Cross-Survey Analysis of Educational Achievement," IZA Discussion Papers 1398, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1398
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Simon Burgess & Deborah Wilson, 2003. "Ethnic Segregation in England's Schools," The Centre for Market and Public Organisation 03/086, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
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    Cited by:

    1. Entorf, Horst & Lauk, Martina, 2006. "Peer effects, social multipliers and migrants at school: an international comparison," Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics 164, Darmstadt University of Technology, Department of Law and Economics.
    2. Lin, Eric S. & Lu, Yu-Lung, 2015. "The Educational Achievement of Pupils with Immigrant and Native Mothers: Evidence from Taiwan," IZA Discussion Papers 9435, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    TIMSS; education; immigration; PISA; PIRLS;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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