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The Effects of Flood Insurance on Housing Markets

Author

Listed:
  • Indaco, Agustín

    () (CUNY Graduate Center)

  • Ortega, Francesc

    () (Queens College, CUNY)

  • Taspinar, Süleyman

    () (Queens College, CUNY)

Abstract

We analyze the role of food insurance on the housing markets of coastal cities. To do so we have assembled a parcel-level dataset including the universe of residential sales for three coastal urban areas in the United States – Miami-Dade county (2008- 2015), New York city (2003-2016), and Virginia Beach (2000-2016) – matched with their FEMA food maps, which characterize the food risk level for each property. First, we compare trends in housing values and sales activity among properties on the foodplain, as defined by the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), relative to properties located elsewhere within the same city. Despite the heightened food risk in the last two decades, we did not find evidence of divergent trends, suggesting that food insurance may have cushioned the effects of the increase in food risk. Secondly, we analyze the effects of the recent reforms to the NFIP. In 2012 and 2014, Congress passed legislation that led to important increases in insurance premia and updates of food maps. We fail to find an effect of increases in premia on the values of foodplain properties in Virginia Beach and Miami-Dade, but we do find evidence of an effect in New York coinciding with the aftermath of hurricane Sandy. We also find some evidence of price changes for properties that experienced a change in risk classification in the new FEMA food maps. We conclude that the full effects of the 2012-2014 food insurance reforms have not yet taken place but will probably materialize in the future.

Suggested Citation

  • Indaco, Agustín & Ortega, Francesc & Taspinar, Süleyman, 2018. "The Effects of Flood Insurance on Housing Markets," IZA Discussion Papers 11810, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp11810
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    Keywords

    climate change; real estate; cities; flood insurance;

    JEL classification:

    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • R33 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Nonagricultural and Nonresidential Real Estate Markets

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