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The Joint Effects of a Health Insurance and a Public Works Scheme in Rural Ethiopia

Author

Listed:
  • Shigute, Zemzem

    () (ISS, Erasmus University Rotterdam)

  • Strupat, Christoph

    () (German Development Institute)

  • Burchi, Francesco

    () (German Development Institute)

  • Alemu, Getnet

    () (University of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

  • Bedi, Arjun S.

    () (ISS, Erasmus University Rotterdam)

Abstract

Rural households in Ethiopia are exposed to a variety of covariate and idiosyncratic risks. In 2005, the Ethiopian government introduced the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) and in 2011 launched the Community Based Health Insurance Scheme (CBHI). This paper analyses the interaction between the two schemes and their joint effect on health care utilization, labor supply, asset accumulation and borrowing. The empirical analysis relies on three rounds of individual-level panel data collected in 2011, 2012 and 2013 and on several rounds of qualitative work. We find that individuals covered by both programs, as opposed to neither, are 5 percentage points more likely to use outpatient care and are 21 percentage points more likely to participate in off-farm work. Furthermore, participation in both programs is associated with a 5 percent increase in livestock, the main household asset, and a 27 percent decline in debt. These results suggest that at least in Ethiopia bundling of interventions enhances protection against multiple risks and shows the potential of linked social protection schemes.

Suggested Citation

  • Shigute, Zemzem & Strupat, Christoph & Burchi, Francesco & Alemu, Getnet & Bedi, Arjun S., 2017. "The Joint Effects of a Health Insurance and a Public Works Scheme in Rural Ethiopia," IZA Discussion Papers 10939, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10939
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Syed Abdul Hamid & Jennifer Roberts & Paul Mosley, 2011. "Can Micro Health Insurance Reduce Poverty? Evidence From Bangladesh," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 78(1), pages 57-82, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ethiopia; Productive Safety Net Program; Community Based Health Insurance Scheme; joint effect;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development

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