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On the Measurement of Long-Run Income Inequality: Empirical Evidence from Norway, 1875-2013

Listed author(s):
  • Aaberge, Rolf

    ()

    (Statistics Norway)

  • Atkinson, Tony

    (Nuffield College, Oxford)

  • Modalsli, Jorgen Heibo

    ()

    (Statistics Norway)

In seeking to understand inequality today, a great deal can be learned from history. However, there are few countries for which the long-run development of income inequality has been charted. Many countries have records of incomes, taxes and social support. This paper presents a new methodology constructing income inequality indices from such data. The methodology is applied to Norway, for which rich historical data sources exist. Taking careful account of the definition of income and population and the availability of micro data starting in 1967, an upper and lower bound for the pre-tax income Gini coefficient is produced.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 10574.

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Length: 88 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2017
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10574
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  1. Checchi, Daniele & García-Peñalosa, Cecilia, 2005. "Labour Market Institutions and the Personal Distribution of Income in the OECD," IZA Discussion Papers 1681, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Aaberge, Rolf, et al, 2000. " Unemployment Shocks and Income Distribution: How Did the Nordic Countries Fare during Their Crises?," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 102(1), pages 77-99, March.
  3. Alstadsaeter, Annette & Jacob, Martin & Kopczuk, Wojciech & Telle, Kjetil, 2016. "Accounting for Business Income in Measuring Top Income Shares: Integrated Accrual Approach Using Individual and Firm Data from Norway," CEPR Discussion Papers 11671, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Peter H. Lindert & Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2016. "Unequal Gains: American Growth and Inequality since 1700," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, number 10670.
  5. Aaberge, Rolf, 1997. "Interpretation of changes in rank-dependent measures of inequality," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 215-219, August.
  6. Budd, Edward C, 1970. "Postwar Changes in the Size Distribution of Income in the U.S," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(2), pages 247-260, May.
  7. Christian A. Belabed, 2016. "Inequality and the New Deal," IMK Working Paper 166-2016, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  8. Anthony B. Atkinson & Jakob Egholt Søgaard, 2016. "The Long-Run History of Income Inequality in Denmark," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 118(2), pages 264-291, 04.
  9. Wojciech Kopczuk & Emmanuel Saez & Jae Song, 2010. "Earnings Inequality and Mobility in the United States: Evidence from Social Security Data Since 1937," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 125(1), pages 91-128.
  10. Anthony B. Atkinson & Salvatore Morelli, 2014. "Chartbook of economic inequality," Working Papers 324, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  11. Thomas Piketty & Emmanuel Saez & Gabriel Zucman, 2016. "Distributional National Accounts: Methods and Estimates for the United States," NBER Working Papers 22945, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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