Trajectories of Neighborhood Change: Spatial Patterns of Increasing Ethnic Diversity
Western cities are increasingly ethnically diverse and in most cities the share of ethnic minorities is growing. Studies analyzing changing ethnic geographies often limit their analysis to changes in ethnic concentrations in neighborhoods between two points in time. Such a static approach limits our understanding of pathways of ethnic neighborhood change, and of the underlying factors contributing to change. This paper analyzes full trajectories of neighborhood change in the four largest cities in the Netherlands between 1999 and 2013. Our modelling strategy categorizes neighborhoods based on their unique growth trajectories of the ethnic population composition, providing a longitudinal view of ethnic segregation. Our results show that the ethnic composition in neighborhoods remains relatively stable over time. We find evidence for a slow trend towards deconcentration of ethnic minorities and increased (spatial) population mixing in most neighborhoods. We show how residential mobility decreases segregation, while natural population growth tends to reinforce segregation. While the ethnic minority presence in cities grows, there is a substantial share of neighborhoods which can be identified as white citadels; characterized by a stable large native population, with high incomes and high house values. These neighborhoods seem to be inaccessible to ethnic minorities, which illustrates the spatial manifestation of exclusionary elitism in increasingly ethnically diverse cities.
|Date of creation:||Sep 2016|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany|
Phone: +49 228 3894 223
Fax: +49 228 3894 180
Web page: http://www.iza.org
|Order Information:|| Postal: IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany|
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Deirdre Pfeiffer & Emily Tumpson Molina, 2013. "The Trajectory of REOs in Southern California Latino Neighborhoods: An Uneven Geography of Recovery," Housing Policy Debate, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(1), pages 81-109, January.
- Maarten van Ham & Peteke Feijten, 2008.
"Who wants to leave the neighbourhood? The effect of being different from the neighbourhood population on wishes to move,"
Environment and Planning A,
Pion Ltd, London, vol. 40(5), pages 1151-1170, May.
- Maarten van Ham & Peteke Feijten, 2008. "Who Wants to Leave the Neighbourhood? The Effect of Being Different from the Neighbourhood Population on Wishes to Move," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 40(5), pages 1151-1170, May.
- Cody Hochstenbach & Wouter PC van Gent, 2015. "An anatomy of gentrification processes: variegating causes of neighbourhood change," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 47(7), pages 1480-1501, July.
- Nick Bailey, 2012. "How spatial segregation changes over time: sorting out the sorting processes," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 44(3), pages 705-722, March.
- Gideon Bolt & Ronald van Kempen & Maarten van Ham, 2008. "Minority Ethnic Groups in the Dutch Housing Market: Spatial Segregation, Relocation Dynamics and Housing Policy," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 45(7), pages 1359-1384, June.
- Ludi Simpson & Vasilis Gavalas & Nissa Finney, 2008. "Population Dynamics in Ethnically Diverse Towns: The Long-term Implications of Immigration," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 45(1), pages 163-183, January.
- Borjas, George J., 1999. "The economic analysis of immigration," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 28, pages 1697-1760 Elsevier.
- Michael Poulsen & Ron Johnston & James Forrest, 2001. "Intraurban Ethnic Enclaves: Introducing a Knowledge-Based Classification Method," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 33(11), pages 2071-2082, November.
- Michael Poulsen & Ron Johnston & James Forrest, 2001. "Intraurban ethnic enclaves: introducing a knowledge-based classification method," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 33(11), pages 2071-2082, November.
- Sako Musterd, 1998. "Conditions for spatial segregation: some European perspectives," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(4), pages 665-673, December.
- Sarah Damaske & Adrianne Frech, 2016. "Women’s Work Pathways Across the Life Course," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 53(2), pages 365-391, April.
- Nick Bailey, 2012. "How Spatial Segregation Changes over Time: Sorting Out the Sorting Processes," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 44(3), pages 705-722, March.
- van Ham, Maarten & Tammaru, Tiit, 2016. "New Perspectives on Ethnic Segregation over Time and Space: A Domains Approach," IZA Discussion Papers 9663, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- William Clark & Valerie Ledwith, 2007. "How much does income matter in neighborhood choice?," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 26(2), pages 145-161, April.
- Katleen Peleman, 2002. "The Impact of Residential Segregation on Participation in Associations: The Case of Moroccan Women in Belgium," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 39(4), pages 727-747, April.
- Monkkonen, Paavo & Zhang, Xiaohu, 2014. "Innovative measurement of spatial segregation: Comparative evidence from Hong Kong and San Francisco," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 99-111.
- Ludi Simpson, 2004. "Statistics of Racial Segregation: Measures, Evidence and Policy," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 41(3), pages 661-681, March.
- Ronald van Kempen & Hugo Priemus, 2002. "Revolution in Social Housing in the Netherlands: Possible Effects of New Housing Policies," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 39(2), pages 237-253, February.
- Kevin M. Dunn, 1998. "Rethinking Ethnic Concentration: The Case of Cabramatta, Sydney," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 35(3), pages 503-527, March.
- Robert Sampson & Patrick Sharkey, 2008. "Neighborhood selection and the social reproduction of concentrated racial inequality," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 45(1), pages 1-29, February.
- William AV Clark & Rory Coulter, 2015. "Who wants to move? The role of neighbourhood change," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 47(12), pages 2683-2709, December.
- George C. Galster, 1990. "White Flight from Racially Integrated Neighbourhoods in the 1970s: the Cleveland Experience," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 27(3), pages 385-399, June.
- Yang, Chih-Chien, 2006. "Evaluating latent class analysis models in qualitative phenotype identification," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 50(4), pages 1090-1104, February.
- Peteke Feijten & Maarten van Ham, 2009. "Neighbourhood Change... Reason to Leave?," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 46(10), pages 2103-2122, September.
- Ludi Simpson, 2007. "Ghettos of the mind: the empirical behaviour of indices of segregation and diversity," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 170(2), pages 405-424.
- Bobby L. Jones & Daniel S. Nagin, 2013. "A Note on a Stata Plugin for Estimating Group-based Trajectory Models," Sociological Methods & Research, , vol. 42(4), pages 608-613, November.
- Tiit Tammaru & Maarten Ham, 2016. "New Perspectives on Ethnic Segregation over Time and Space: A Domains Approach," Working Papers id:9352, eSocialSciences. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10216. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Mark Fallak)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.