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Self-fulfilling Distortion and Ownership Structure: Market Discipline and Owner fs Dominance at the Dawn of the Japanese Capitalism

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Does the ownership structure affect firms' performance? We first theoretically show that in an inefficient market, investors motivate managers to pursue a higher return on equity, the short-term performance indicator instead of a higher return on asset, the long-term indicator and encourage managers to distort the financial leverage. This self-fulfilling distortion implies that, in an inefficient market, a higher concentration of ownership improves long-term performance through containing the distortion. To test the prediction, we build a new dataset of Japanese firms from 1878 to 1910. Then, we show that the Japanese market then was inefficient, that the bond flotation was distorted among low and mediocre performing firms, and that a higher concentration of ownership at the president improved the return on asset. These results are consistent with the tendency in contemporary non-US advanced economies. A higher concentration of ownership offsets the adverse effects of a less efficient capital market.

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  • NAKABAYASHI, Masaki, 2016. "Self-fulfilling Distortion and Ownership Structure: Market Discipline and Owner fs Dominance at the Dawn of the Japanese Capitalism," ISS Discussion Paper Series (series F) f181, Institute of Social Science, The University of Tokyo, revised 05 Feb 2018.
  • Handle: RePEc:itk:issdps:f181
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    multitask moral hazard; ownership structure; financial leverage; self-fulfilling distortion; skewness-adjusted variation coefficient.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • K22 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Business and Securities Law

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