Do School-to-Work Programs Help the "Forgotten Half"?
This paper tests whether school-to-work (STW) programs are particularly beneficial for those less likely to go to college in their absence—often termed the "forgotten half" in the STW literature. The empirical analysis is based on the NLSY97, which allows us to study six types of STW programs, including job shadowing, mentoring, coop, school enterprises, tech prep, and internships / apprenticeships. For men there is quite a bit of evidence that STW program participation is particularly advantageous for those in the forgotten half. For these men, among the strongest evidence is that mentoring and coop programs increase post-secondary education, and coop, school enterprise, and internship / apprenticeship programs boost employment and decrease idleness after leaving high school. There is less evidence that STW programs are particularly beneficial in increasing schooling among women in the forgotten half, although internship / apprenticeship programs do lead to positive earnings effects concentrated among these women.
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NBER Working Papers
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- Neumark, David, 2006. "Evaluating program effectiveness: A case study of the School-to-Work Opportunities Act in California," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 315-326, June.
- Debra Donahoe & Marta Tienda, 1999. "Human Asset Development and the Transition from School to Work: Policy Lessons for the 21st Century," Working Papers 322, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Office of Population Research..
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