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Individual heterogeneity, nonlinear budget sets and taxable income

Author

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  • Soren Blomquist

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies)

  • Anil Kumar

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies)

  • Che-Yuan Liang

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies)

  • Whitney K. Newey

    () (Institute for Fiscal Studies and MIT)

Abstract

Many studies have estimated the effect of taxes on taxable income. To account for nonlinear taxes these studies either use instrumental variables approaches that are not fully consistent or impose strong functional form assumptions. None allow for general heterogeneity in preferences. In this paper we derive the expected value and distribution of taxable income conditional on a nonlinear budget set, allowing general heterogeneity and optimization error in taxable income. We find an important dimension reduction and use that to develop nonparametric estimation methods. We show how to nonparametrically estimate the expected value of taxable income imposing all the restrictions of utility maximization and allowing for measurement errors. We characterize what can be learned nonparametrically from kinks about compensated tax effects. We apply our results to Swedish data and estimate for prime age males a significant net of tax elasticity of 0.21 and a significant nonlabor income effect of about -1. The income effect is substantially larger in magnitude than it is found to be in other taxable income studies.

Suggested Citation

  • Soren Blomquist & Anil Kumar & Che-Yuan Liang & Whitney K. Newey, 2015. "Individual heterogeneity, nonlinear budget sets and taxable income," CeMMAP working papers CWP21/15, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:ifs:cemmap:21/15
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Einav, Liran & Finkelstein, Amy & Schrimpf, Paul, 2017. "Bunching at the kink: Implications for spending responses to health insurance contracts," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 146(C), pages 27-40.
    2. Sören Blomquist & Whitney K. Newey, 2017. "The Bunching Estimator Cannot Identify the Taxable Income Elasticity," CESifo Working Paper Series 6736, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Liang, Che-Yuan, 2018. "Taxes and Household Labor Supply: Estimating Distributional Effects of Nonlinear Prices on Multidimensional Choice," Working Paper Series 2018:2, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
    4. Kumar, Anil & Liang, Che-Yuan, 2016. "Estimating Taxable Income Responses with Elasticity Heterogeneity," Working Papers 1611, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, revised 02 Mar 2018.
    5. Gregory Cox, 2018. "Almost Sure Uniqueness of a Global Minimum Without Convexity," Papers 1803.02415, arXiv.org, revised May 2018.
    6. Victor Chernozhukov & Ivan Fernandez-Val & Whitney K. Newey, 2017. "Nonseparable multinomial choice models in cross-section and panel data," CeMMAP working papers CWP33/17, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    7. Kumar, Anil & Liang, Che-Yuan, 2015. "The Taxable Income Elasticity: A Structural Differencing Approach," Working Paper Series, Center for Fiscal Studies 2015:1, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
    8. Jerry Hausman & Whitney K. Newey, 2014. "Individual Heterogeneity and Average Welfare," CeMMAP working papers CWP42/14, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    9. Liang, Che-Yuan, 2014. "Distribution-Free Structural Estimation with Nonlinear Budget Sets," Working Paper Series, Center for Fiscal Studies 2014:4, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
    10. repec:aea:aecrev:v:107:y:2017:i:5:p:287-92 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Nonlinear budget sets; nonparametric estimation; heterogeneous preferences; taxable income; revealed stochastic preference;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C24 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models; Threshold Regression Models
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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