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Segregación de genero en el trabajo y diferenciales de salario: Evidencia de las zonas urbanas de Mexico 1994-2004

  • Sebastian Calonico
  • Hugo Ñopo


En este documento se analiza la evolución de la discriminación sexual en el lugar de trabajo en México entre 1994 y 2004, para analizar el papel del individuo y las características de la familia en la determinación de la discriminación por motivo de sexo y las diferencias salariales. Los resultados sugieren que eliminar completamente la segregación jerárquica puede reducir las diferencias de salario observadas entre los sexos en 5 puntos porcentuales, al mismo tiempo que la eliminación de la discriminación en el trabajo puede hacer aumentar las diferencias salariales entre los sexos en seis puntos porcentuales. Además, el papel de la discriminación laboral en las diferencias salariales ha venido aumentando en magnitud durante el período, mientras que el papel de la segregación jerárquica ha venido disminuyendo.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4580.

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Date of creation: May 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4580
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  1. Nopo, Hugo, 2004. "Matching as a Tool to Decompose Wage Gaps," IZA Discussion Papers 981, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Pagan, Jose A & Sanchez, Susana M, 2000. "Gender Differences in Labor Market Decisions: Evidence from Rural Mexico," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 48(3), pages 619-37, April.
  3. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
  4. Macpherson, David A & Hirsch, Barry T, 1995. "Wages and Gender Composition: Why Do Women's Jobs Pay Less?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(3), pages 426-71, July.
  5. Francine D. Blau & Lawrence M. Kahn, 2001. "Understanding International Differences in the Gender Pay Gap," NBER Working Papers 8200, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Airola, Jim & Juhn, Chinhui, 2005. "Wage Inequality in Post-Reform Mexico," IZA Discussion Papers 1525, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Suzanne Duryea & Sebastián Galiani & Claudia Piras & Hugo R. Ñopo, 2007. "The Educational Gender Gap in Latin America and the Caribbean," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6721, Inter-American Development Bank.
  8. Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys, 2003. "Wages and productivity in Mexican manufacturing," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2964, The World Bank.
  9. Cynthia J. Brown & Jose A. Pagan & Eduardo Rodrφguez Oreggia y Roman, 1999. "Occupational attainment and gender earnings differentials in Mexico," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 53(1), pages 123-135, October.
  10. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
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