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Trade creating oder Trade diverting - Ökonomische Perspektiven auf den Abbau technischer Handelshemmnisse in multilateralem oder regionalem Rahmen

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  • Benjamin Jung

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Abstract

Neuere Freihandelsabkommen wie die geplante Transatlantische Handels- und Investitionspartnerschaft (TTIP) beinhalten den Abbau regulatorischer Unterschiede. Die Überwindung technischer Barrieren verursacht im Unterschied zu klassischen Instrumenten der Handelspolitik wie Zöllen und Quoten realen Ressourcenaufwand und generiert keine Renten. Dieser Beitrag präsentiert stilisierte Fakten üuber die Implementierung technischer Barrieren und analysiert aufbauend auf den Erkenntnissen der sog. "neuen neuen" Außenhandelsliteratur die Wirkungen des Abbaus regulatorischer Fixkosten. Die gegenseitige Anerkennung von Standards führt zu mehr Handel als Harmonisierung von Standards, wenn Konsumenten die Produktvielfalt wichtig ist und/oder die Anpassungskosten, um auf einen gemeinsamen Standard zu kommen, hoch sind. Die theoretischen Überlegungen werden, wenn möglich,durch empirische Evidenz ergänzt.

Suggested Citation

  • Benjamin Jung, 2016. "Trade creating oder Trade diverting - Ökonomische Perspektiven auf den Abbau technischer Handelshemmnisse in multilateralem oder regionalem Rahmen," IAW Discussion Papers 127, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
  • Handle: RePEc:iaw:iawdip:127
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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