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Disaggregated Models of Unemployment in Australia

  • Jeff Borland

    (Department of Economics, The University of Melbourne)

This paper reviews evidence on causes of unemployment in Australia from disaggregated modelling of the labour market. Three main types of modelling are considered. First, information on unemployment rates of labour force participants with different skills is presented, and analyses that seek to explain why unemployment varies between skill groups are described. Second, descriptive evidence on unemployment rates by state and neighbourhood is presented, and possible causes of regional differences in unemployment rates are assessed. Third, descriptive information on the distribution of unemployed persons by duration of unemployment spell is presented, and studies of the determinants of the duration of unemployment spells are summarised.

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File URL: http://www.melbourneinstitute.com/downloads/working_paper_series/wp2000n16.pdf
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Paper provided by Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne in its series Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series with number wp2000n16.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iae:iaewps:wp2000n16
Contact details of provider: Postal: Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 Australia
Phone: +61 3 8344 2100
Fax: +61 3 8344 2111
Web page: http://www.melbourneinstitute.com/Email:


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  1. Dixon, Robert & Shepherd, David, 2001. "Trends and Cycles in Australian State and Territory Unemployment Rates," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 77(238), pages 252-69, September.
  2. Miller, Paul & Volker, Paul, 1987. "The Youth Labour Market In Australia," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 63(182), pages 203-19, September.
  3. Le, Anh T & Miller, Paul W, 2000. "Australia's Unemployment Problem," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 76(232), pages 74-104, March.
  4. Borland, Jeff, 1996. "Education and the Structure of Earnings in Australia," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 72(219), pages 370-80, December.
  5. Hardin, A & Kapuscinski, C, 1997. "Young Australians in Unemployment : Despair by any Other Name," CEPR Discussion Papers 359, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
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  7. Chinhui Juhn & Kevin M. Murphy & Robert H. Topel, 1991. "Why Has the Natural Rate of Unemployment Increased over Time?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(2), pages 75-142.
  8. Brooks, Clive & Volker, Paul, 1986. "The Probability of Leaving Unemployment: The Influence of Duration, Destination and Demographics," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 62(178), pages 296-309, September.
  9. Merrilees, W J, 1984. "Do Wage Subsidies Stimulate Training? An Evaluation of the Craft Rebate Scheme," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(43), pages 235-48, December.
  10. Machin, Stephen & Manning, Alan, 1999. "The causes and consequences of longterm unemployment in Europe," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 47, pages 3085-3139 Elsevier.
  11. Paul Flatau & Philip E. T. Lewis & Allison Rushton, 1991. "The Macroeconomic Consequences of Long-Term Unemployment," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 24(4), pages 48-56.
  12. Davis, Donald R, 1998. "Does European Unemployment Prop Up American Wages? National Labor Markets and Global Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 478-94, June.
  13. Boyd Hunter, 1996. "Explaining Changes in the Social Structure of Employment: The Importance of Geography," Discussion Papers 0067, University of New South Wales, Social Policy Research Centre.
  14. Chalmers, J. & Kalb, G., 2000. "Are Casual Jobs a Freeway to Permanent Employment?," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 8/00, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
  15. repec:att:wimass:9327 is not listed on IDEAS
  16. Alexandra Heath & Troy Swann, 1999. "Reservation Wages and the Duration of Unemployment," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp1999-02, Reserve Bank of Australia.
  17. Foster, W F & Gregory, R G, 1982. "The Contribution of Employment Separation to Teenage Unemployment," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 58(161), pages 118-33, June.
  18. Nickell, Stephen & Bell, Brian, 1995. "The Collapse in Demand for the Unskilled and Unemployment across the OECD," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(1), pages 40-62, Spring.
  19. Gregory, R.G. & Hunter, B., 1995. "The Macro Economy and the Growth of Ghettos and Urban Poverty in Australia," CEPR Discussion Papers 325, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
  20. Elizabeth Webster, 1998. "Microeconomic Evaluations of Australian Labour Market Programs," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 31(2), pages 189-201.
  21. Henry G. Overman & Alex Heath, 2000. "The influence of neighbourhood effects on education decisions in a nationally funded education system : the case of Australia," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 678, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  22. Jeff Borland, 1997. "Unemployment in Australia-Prospects and Policies: An Overview," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 30(4), pages 391-404.
  23. David Card & Francis Kramarz & Thomas Lemieux, 1999. "Changes in the Relative Structure of Wages and Employment: A Comparison of the United States, Canada, and France," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 32(4), pages 843-877, August.
  24. Trivedi, P K & Hui, W T, 1987. "An Empirical Study of Long-term Unemployment in Australia," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 5(1), pages 20-42, January.
  25. Richard Jackman & Richard Layard & Marco Manacorda & Barbara Petrongolo, 1997. "European versus US Unemployment: Different Responses to Increased Demand for skill?," CEP Discussion Papers dp0349, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  26. Ian M. McDonald, 1993. "Long-Term Unemployment and Macroeconomic Policy," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 26(2), pages 31-34.
  27. Lewis, Philip E T, 1985. "Substitution between Young and Adult Workers in Australia," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(44), pages 115-26, June.
  28. Junankar, P.N. & Kapuscinski, C.A., 1991. "The Incidence of Long Term Unemployment in Australia," CEPR Discussion Papers 249, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
  29. Nickell, Stephen & Bell, Brian, 1996. "Changes in the Distribution of Wages and Unemployment in OECD Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 302-08, May.
  30. Harris, Mark N, 1996. "Modelling the Probability of Youth Unemployment in Australia," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 72(217), pages 118-29, June.
  31. Preston, Alison, 1997. "Where Are We Now with Human Capital Theory in Australia?," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 73(220), pages 51-78, March.
  32. Durlauf, Steven N., 1994. "Spillovers, stratification, and inequality," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(3-4), pages 836-845, April.
  33. Katz, Lawrence F. & Autor, David H., 1999. "Changes in the wage structure and earnings inequality," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 26, pages 1463-1555 Elsevier.
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