An Empirical Study of Long-term Unemployment in Australia
The first part of this paper concentrates on modeling transitions out of unemployment using aggregated gross flow data. Models are estimated using monthly transition probabilities for March-April 1984. This analysis produces evidence consistent with negative duration dependence but sheds no light on the role of macroeconomic factors. The second part focuses on this issue. A time-series analysis of the proportion of long-term unemployment, using data for four age and sex groups, provides evidence that a proportionately has been associated with reduction in job availability. Copyright 1987 by University of Chicago Press.