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Localized Realized Volatility Modelling


  • Ying Chen
  • Wolfgang Härdle
  • Uta Pigorsch


With the recent availability of high-frequency Financial data the long range dependence of volatility regained researchers' interest and has lead to the consideration of long memory models for realized volatility. The long range diagnosis of volatility, however, is usually stated for long sample periods, while for small sample sizes, such as e.g. one year, the volatility dynamics appears to be better described by short-memory processes. The ensemble of these seemingly contradictory phenomena point towards short memory models of volatility with nonstationarities, such as structural breaks or regime switches, that spuriously generate a long memory pattern (see e.g. Diebold and Inoue, 2001; Mikosch and Starica, 2004b). In this paper we adopt this view on the dependence structure of volatility and propose a localized procedure for modeling realized volatility. That is at each point in time we determine a past interval over which volatility is approximated by a local linear process. Using S&P500 data we find that our local approach outperforms long memory type models in terms of predictability.

Suggested Citation

  • Ying Chen & Wolfgang Härdle & Uta Pigorsch, 2009. "Localized Realized Volatility Modelling," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2009-003, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:hum:wpaper:sfb649dp2009-003

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Andersen T. G & Bollerslev T. & Diebold F. X & Labys P., 2001. "The Distribution of Realized Exchange Rate Volatility," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 96, pages 42-55, March.
    2. Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen & Neil Shephard, 2002. "Estimating quadratic variation using realized variance," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(5), pages 457-477.
    3. Torben G. Andersen & Tim Bollerslev & Francis X. Diebold, 2007. "Roughing It Up: Including Jump Components in the Measurement, Modeling, and Forecasting of Return Volatility," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 89(4), pages 701-720, November.
    4. Granger, C. W. J., 1980. "Long memory relationships and the aggregation of dynamic models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 227-238, October.
    5. Diebold, Francis X & Mariano, Roberto S, 2002. "Comparing Predictive Accuracy," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 134-144, January.
    6. Zhang, Lan & Mykland, Per A. & Ait-Sahalia, Yacine, 2005. "A Tale of Two Time Scales: Determining Integrated Volatility With Noisy High-Frequency Data," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 100, pages 1394-1411, December.
    7. Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen & Peter Reinhard Hansen & Asger Lunde & Neil Shephard, 2008. "Designing Realized Kernels to Measure the ex post Variation of Equity Prices in the Presence of Noise," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 76(6), pages 1481-1536, November.
    8. Zhou, Bin, 1996. "High-Frequency Data and Volatility in Foreign-Exchange Rates," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 14(1), pages 45-52, January.
    9. Muller, Ulrich A. & Dacorogna, Michel M. & Dave, Rakhal D. & Olsen, Richard B. & Pictet, Olivier V. & von Weizsacker, Jacob E., 1997. "Volatilities of different time resolutions -- Analyzing the dynamics of market components," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 4(2-3), pages 213-239, June.
    10. Diebold, Francis X. & Inoue, Atsushi, 2001. "Long memory and regime switching," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 105(1), pages 131-159, November.
    11. Doornik Jurgen A & Ooms Marius, 2004. "Inference and Forecasting for ARFIMA Models With an Application to US and UK Inflation," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 8(2), pages 1-25, May.
    12. Andersen, Torben G & Bollerslev, Tim, 1998. "Answering the Skeptics: Yes, Standard Volatility Models Do Provide Accurate Forecasts," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 39(4), pages 885-905, November.
    13. Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen & Shephard, 2002. "Econometric analysis of realized volatility and its use in estimating stochastic volatility models," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 64(2), pages 253-280.
    14. Denis Belomestny & Vladimir Spokoiny, 2006. "Spatial aggregation of local likelihood estimates with applications to classification," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2006-036, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    15. Pong, Shiuyan & Shackleton, Mark B. & Taylor, Stephen J. & Xu, Xinzhong, 2004. "Forecasting currency volatility: A comparison of implied volatilities and AR(FI)MA models," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(10), pages 2541-2563, October.
    16. Torben G. Andersen & Tim Bollerslev & Francis X. Diebold & Paul Labys, 2003. "Modeling and Forecasting Realized Volatility," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(2), pages 579-625, March.
    17. Baillie, Richard T. & Bollerslev, Tim & Mikkelsen, Hans Ole, 1996. "Fractionally integrated generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 3-30, September.
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    19. Andersen, Torben G. & Bollerslev, Tim & Diebold, Francis X. & Ebens, Heiko, 2001. "The distribution of realized stock return volatility," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 43-76, July.
    20. Thomas Mikosch & Catalin Starica, 2004. "Non-stationarities in financial time series, the long range dependence and the IGARCH effects," Econometrics 0412005, EconWPA.
    21. Hansen, Peter R. & Lunde, Asger, 2006. "Realized Variance and Market Microstructure Noise," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 24, pages 127-161, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Wolfgang K. Härdle & Nikolaus Hautsch & Andrija Mihoci, 2015. "Local Adaptive Multiplicative Error Models for High‐Frequency Forecasts," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 30(4), pages 529-550, June.
    2. Heejoon Han & Myung D. Park & Shen Zhang, 2015. "A Multiplicative Error Model with Heterogeneous Components for Forecasting Realized Volatility," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 34(3), pages 209-219, April.
    3. Ming-Hsien Chen & Vivian Tai, 2014. "The price discovery of day trading activities in futures market," Review of Derivatives Research, Springer, vol. 17(2), pages 217-239, July.
    4. Fengler, Matthias R. & Okhrin, Ostap, 2016. "Managing risk with a realized copula parameter," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 131-152.
    5. Niu, Linlin & Xu, Xiu & Chen, Ying, 2015. "An adaptive approach to forecasting three key macroeconomic variables for transitional China," BOFIT Discussion Papers 12/2015, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    6. Ying Chen & Bo Li & Linlin Niu, 2013. "A Local Vector Autoregressive Framework and its Applications to Multivariate Time Series Monitoring and Forecasting," WISE Working Papers 2013-12-05, Wang Yanan Institute for Studies in Economics (WISE), Xiamen University.
    7. repec:eee:ecmode:v:66:y:2017:i:c:p:201-213 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Ruprecht Puchstein & Philip Preuß, 2016. "Testing for Stationarity in Multivariate Locally Stationary Processes," Journal of Time Series Analysis, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(1), pages 3-29, January.
    9. Golosnoy, Vasyl & Ragulin, Sergiy & Schmid, Wolfgang, 2011. "CUSUM control charts for monitoring optimal portfolio weights," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 55(11), pages 2991-3009, November.
    10. Shen, Zhiwei, 2016. "Adaptive local parametric estimation of crop yields: implication for crop insurance ratemaking," 156th Seminar, October 4, 2016, Wagenigen, The Netherlands 249984, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    11. repec:spr:demogr:v:54:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s13524-017-0579-x is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Buncic, Daniel & Gisler, Katja I.M., 2016. "Global equity market volatility spillovers: A broader role for the United States," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 1317-1339.
    13. Chen, Ying & Niu, Linlin, 2014. "Adaptive dynamic Nelson–Siegel term structure model with applications," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 180(1), pages 98-115.
    14. Lutz, Benjamin Johannes & Pigorsch, Uta & Rotfuß, Waldemar, 2013. "Nonlinearity in cap-and-trade systems: The EUA price and its fundamentals," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 222-232.
    15. Francesco Audrino & Simon D. Knaus, 2016. "Lassoing the HAR Model: A Model Selection Perspective on Realized Volatility Dynamics," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(8-10), pages 1485-1521, December.
    16. Matthias R. Fengler & Ostap Okhrin, 2012. "Realized Copula," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2012-034, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    17. Wolfgang Karl Härdle & Andrija Mihoci & Christopher Hian-Ann Ting, 2014. "Adaptive Order Flow Forecasting with Multiplicative Error Models," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2014-035, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    18. Xiu Xu & Andrija Mihoci & Wolfgang Karl Härdle, "undated". "lCARE – localizing Conditional AutoRegressive Expectiles," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2015-052, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    19. repec:bof:bofitp:urn:nbn:fi:bof-201504131155 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Localized Autoregressive Modeling; Realized Volatility; Adaptive Procedure;

    JEL classification:

    • G17 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Financial Forecasting and Simulation
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation

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