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Institutions and Visa Regimes

Author

Listed:
  • Camila Gracheva

    () (National Research University Higher School of Economics)

  • Leonid Polishchuk

    () (National Research University Higher School of Economics)

  • Koen Schoors

    () (Ghent University)

  • Alexander Yarkin

    () (National Research University Higher School of Economics)

Abstract

We study the impact on visa restrictions of institutions and social norms in a sending country. To this purpose, we unbundle institutions into “institutions-services”, which complement productive activities and serve as public production inputs, and “institutions-rules”, which strengthen the rule of law and constrain unproductive behavior. We propose a theoretical model which incorporates spillover effects of domestic institutional changes and shows that while stronger institutions-services reduce visa barriers, stronger institutions-rules have the opposite effect. Furthermore, visa barriers are affected by norms and values, which complement formal institutions as factors of visa regimes. We use various empirical models to test and confirm the above conjectures

Suggested Citation

  • Camila Gracheva & Leonid Polishchuk & Koen Schoors & Alexander Yarkin, 2015. "Institutions and Visa Regimes," HSE Working papers WP BRP 114/EC/2015, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hig:wpaper:114/ec/2015
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    File URL: http://www.hse.ru/data/2015/12/10/1133711732/114EC2015.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    visa barriers; institutions; norms and values; institutional complementarity;

    JEL classification:

    • D02 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Institutions: Design, Formation, Operations, and Impact
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F55 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Institutional Arrangements
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law

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