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Income inequality and health: lessons from a refugee residential assignment program

  • Grönqvist, Hans


    (Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI))

  • Johansson, Per


    (IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy)

  • Niknami, Susan


    (Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI))

This paper examines the effect of income inequality on health for a group of particularly disadvantaged individuals: refugees. Our analysis draws on longitudinal hospitalization records coupled with a settlement policy where Swedish authorities assigned newly arrived refugees to their first area of residence. The policy was implemented in a way that provides a source of plausibly random variation in initial location. The results reveal no statistically significant effect of income inequality on the risk of being hospitalized. This finding holds also for most population subgroups and when separating between different types of diagnoses. Our estimates are precise enough to rule out large effects of income inequality on health.

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Paper provided by IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy in its series Working Paper Series with number 2012:11.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: 05 May 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published as Grönqvist, Hans, Per Johansson and Susan Niknami, 'Income inequality and health: Lessons from a refugee residential assignment program' in Journal of Health Economics, 2012, pages 617-629.
Handle: RePEc:hhs:ifauwp:2012_011
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IFAU, P O Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden

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