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Long-run and Short-run Determinants of the Real Exchange Rate in Zambia

Author

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  • Mkenda, Beatrice Kalinda

    (Department of Economics, School of Economics and Commercial Law, Göteborg University)

Abstract

The paper analyses the main determinants of the real exchange rate in Zambia. It first gives a brief review of the Zambian economy and a review on real exchange rate studies. Then an illustrative model is presented. The study employs cointegration analysis in estimating the long-run determinants of the real exchange rates for imports and exports, and of the internal real exchange rate. The finding is that terms of trade, government consumption, and investment share all influence the real exchange rate for imports, while terms of trade, central bank reserves and trade taxes influence the real exchange rate for exports in the long-run. The internal real exchange rate is influenced by terms of trade, investment share, and the rate of growth of real GDP in the long-run. Error-correction models are then estimated. Besides the difference of the fundamentals mentioned above, aid and openness are found to impart short-run effects on the real exchange rate indices. The coefficients of adjustment are found to be -0.38, -0.79 and -0.80 respectively for the real exchange rates for imports and exports, and for the internal real exchange rate.

Suggested Citation

  • Mkenda, Beatrice Kalinda, 2001. "Long-run and Short-run Determinants of the Real Exchange Rate in Zambia," Working Papers in Economics 40, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:gunwpe:0040
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Colque H., Paul, 2006. "Fundamentos del Tipo de Cambio Real de Equilibrio," Documentos de trabajo 4/2006, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana.
    2. Sosunov, K. & Ushakov, N., 2009. "Determination of the Real Exchange Rate of the Ruble and Assessment of Long-Run Policy of Real Exchange Rate Targeting," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, issue 3-4, pages 97-121.
    3. Teferi, Mequaninite, 2006. "Measuring the real exchange rate misalignment of Ethiopia," Ethiopian Journal of Economics, Ethiopian Economics Association, vol. 15(2).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Real Exchange Rate; Misalignment; Cointegration; Zambia;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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