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The Political Economy of Policy Failure in Zambia

Author

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  • Bigsten , Arne

    (Department of Economics, School of Economics and Commercial Law, Göteborg University)

  • Kayizzi-Mugerwa, Steve

    () (Department of Economics, School of Economics and Commercial Law, Göteborg University)

Abstract

Zambia’s experience in the 1990s illustrates that, on their own, policy changes will not redress decades of mismanagement, especially when the degree of commitment of the elite remains unaltered. In 1991, the Movement for Multiparty Democracy won the elections on a reform platform, promising to reverse the economic decline and to introduce more inclusive politics. Though macroeconomic stabilisation and market reforms were successfully implemented, the new government was less successful in introducing public-sector reforms and those related to governance. Even its privatisation efforts became more difficult as the focus reverted to the copper mines. These latter reforms have more clear-cut costs for stakeholders and were resisted. Politics continue to be the main stumbling block to durable reform. The country is yet to establish a level of confidence that is required to attract sufficient amounts of domestic and foreign investment that can spur sustainable growth. With regard to the role of donors, aid to Zambia, or even its temporary withdrawal, has been a poor basis for inducing reform. Establishing a high degree of reform ownership in Zambia is important for enhancing programme sustainability.

Suggested Citation

  • Bigsten , Arne & Kayizzi-Mugerwa, Steve, 2000. "The Political Economy of Policy Failure in Zambia," Working Papers in Economics 23, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:gunwpe:0023
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Thurlow, James & Wobst, Peter, 2004. "The road to pro-poor growth in Zambia," DSGD discussion papers 16, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Bigsten, Arne & Durevall, Dick, 2002. "Is Globalisation Good for Africa?," Working Papers in Economics 67, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
    3. PEREIRA, Orlando Petiz, 2015. "Vet: A Strategic Approach For Economic, Organisational And Personal Development In Eu Countries," Revista Galega de Economía, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business., vol. 24(2), pages 111-124.
    4. Bigsten, Arne & Levin, Jorgen & Persson, Hakan, 2001. "Debt Relief and Growth: A study of Zambia and Tanzania," WIDER Working Paper Series 104, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    5. Wobst, Peter & Thurlow, James, 2005. "The Road to Pro-Poor Growth in Zambia: Past Lessons and Future Challenges," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Kiel 2005 37, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
    6. Mkenda, Beatrice Kalinda, 2001. "Long-run and Short-run Determinants of the Real Exchange Rate in Zambia," Working Papers in Economics 40, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
    7. Eneas GAKUSI & Michel GARENNE, 2004. "Vulnerability and Resilience Determinants of under-five mortality changes in Zambia," Working Papers 200406, CERDI.
    8. Stan Du Plessis & Sophia Du Plessis, 2006. "Explanations for Zambia's economic decline," Development Southern Africa, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(3), pages 351-369.
    9. Garenne, Michel & Gakusi, Albert Eneas, 2006. "Vulnerability and Resilience: Determinants of Under-Five Mortality Changes in Zambia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(10), pages 1765-1787, October.
    10. Hamdok, Abdalla, 2001. "Governance and Policy in Africa: Recent Experiences," WIDER Working Paper Series 126, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Policy; dependence; reform; aid; politics;

    JEL classification:

    • O20 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - General

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