An ‘eclectic’ investigation of tourism multinationals’ activities: Evidence from the Hotels and Hospitality Sector in Greece
This paper analyses determinants of profitability differences between subsidiaries of Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) and Domestic Enterprises (DMEs) in the hotel and hospitality industry using firm level data. Previous studies have tested the hypothesis that ownership-specific advantages are a major determinant of performance differences. This paper explores performance issues using the eclectic paradigm configuration of hotel and hospitality multinationals (NACE=55), operating in Greece and a panel dataset for 95 firms and 10 years. The model is estimated using quantile regression model. The results indicate that overall MNEs overperform their domestic competitors and are generally larger in terms of size. An interesting aspect is revealed though when we break our MNEs to majority and minority owned. Minority owned MNEs perform better as they make use of local partners who bring into the firm knowledge of the local market, an aspect important for an industry as Hotels and Hospitality.
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