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Dynamique des spécialisations et performances commerciales des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale (PECO)

  • Raphaël Chiappini

    ()

    (Larefi - Laboratoire d'analyse et de recherche en économie et finance internationales - Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux IV : EA2954)

Cet article étudie l'évolution et l'impact des spécialisations commerciales sur les performances à l'exportation de sept pays d'Europe Centrale et Orientale durant la période 1992-2008. A partir d'une étude dynamique des Avantages Comparatifs Révélés, nous montrons que les pays de l'ex-URSS ont renforcé leurs spécialisations dans les matières premières alors les autres PECO ont développé de nouveaux avantages comparatifs, principalement dans le secteur automobile. La méthode Constant Market Share Analysis indique, ainsi, que depuis 2000, les performances commerciales russes et ukrainiennes reposent totalement sur leurs spécialisations commerciales alors celles des autres PECO sont principalement le résultat d'une bonne compétitivité externe, et ce, même si l'effet spécialisation est devenu positif.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00637591.

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Date of creation: 22 Jul 2010
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00637591
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