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Crowding in public transport: Who cares and why?

Listed author(s):
  • Luke Haywood

    (DIW - Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung - German Institute for Economic Research)

  • Martin Koning

    (IFSTTAR - Institut Français des Sciences et Technologies des Transports, de l'Aménagement et des Réseaux)

  • Guillaume Monchambert

    (LAET - Laboratoire Aménagement Économie Transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, ENS Cachan - École normale supérieure - Cachan)

Crowding on public transport (PT) is a major issue for commuters around the world. Nevertheless, economists have rarely investigated the causes of crowding discomfort. Furthermore, most evidence on the costs of PT crowding is based on trade-offs between crowding, travel time and money. First, this paper assesses discomfort with PT crowding at various density levels across heterogeneous individuals using a different methodology. Based on a survey of 1000 Paris PT users, the negative relationship of in-vehicle density on reported satisfaction is similar to previous studies investigating PT crowding costs and stable across most individual characteristics. We also find a sensitive increase in crowding costs over users’ income. Second, we investigate the causes of this discomfort effect. We identify three key drivers: (a) dissatisfaction with standing and not being seated; (b) less opportunities to make use of the time during the journey; (c) the physical closeness of other travelers per se.

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File URL: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01517820/document
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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-01517820.

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Date of creation: 2017
Publication status: Published in Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, 2017, 100, pp.215-227. <10.1016/j.tra.2017.04.022>
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01517820
DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2017.04.022
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01517820
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

References listed on IDEAS
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