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Migrants' Home Town Associations and Local Development in Mali


  • Lisa Chauvet

    (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - Université Paris-Dauphine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Flore Gubert

    (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - Université Paris-Dauphine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Marion Mercier

    (DIAL - Développement, institutions et analyses de long terme)

  • Sandrine Mesplé-Somps

    (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - Université Paris-Dauphine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)


This paper assesses the impact of migrants' Home Town Associations (HTAs) locatedin France on the provision of local public goods in Mali. To this end, we computed adataset on all the HTAs that have been created by Malian migrants in France since 1981and geo-localised their interventions on the Malian territory. Thanks to Malian census data, we also built a panel dataset informing the provision of a range of public goods in all the Malian localities over the 1976-2009 period. These two sources of data allow us to implement a double di erence strategy, and to compare localities with and without an HTA, before and after its creation. We not only assess whether "having an HTA"makes a di erence in terms of local development, but also whether the intensity of thetreatment as measured by the number of HTAs intervening in each locality or the numberof year under treatment leads to di erentiated impacts. We nd that Malian HTAs havesigni cantly contributed to improve the provision of water amenities (mainly fountains), health centers and electricity connection over the 1987-2009 period. The impact is found to be stronger when the focus is on the earlier period (before 1998).

Suggested Citation

  • Lisa Chauvet & Flore Gubert & Marion Mercier & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2013. "Migrants' Home Town Associations and Local Development in Mali," Post-Print hal-01516956, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01516956
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Christophe Daum, 1995. "Les migrants, partenaires de la coopération internationale : Le cas des Maliens de France," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 107, OECD Publishing.
    2. Aparicio, Francisco Javier & Meseguer, Covadonga, 2012. "Collective Remittances and the State: The 3×1 Program in Mexican Municipalities," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 206-222.
    3. Beauchemin, Cris & Schoumaker, Bruno, 2009. "Are Migrant Associations Actors in Local Development? A National Event-History Analysis in Rural Burkina Faso," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 1897-1913, December.
    4. Claire Bernard & Lisa Chauvet & Flore Gubert & Marion Mercier & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2014. "La dynamique associative des Maliens de l’extérieur : enseignements tirés de deux dispositifs d’enquête originaux‪," Post-Print halshs-01511031, HAL.
    5. Dilip Ratha & Ani Silwal, 2012. "Remittance Flows in 2011 : An Update," World Bank Other Operational Studies 16176, The World Bank.
    6. Devesh Kapur, 2010. "Diaspora, Development, and Democracy: The Domestic Impact of International Migration from India," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, number 9202.
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    Cited by:

    1. Richard P.C. Brown & Gareth Leeves & Prabha Prayaga, 2014. "Sharing Norm Pressures and Community Remittances: Evidence from a Natural Disaster in the Pacific Islands," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(3), pages 383-398, March.
    2. Mireille Razafindrakoto & Nicolas Razafindratsima & Nirintsoa Razakamanana & François Roubaud, 2017. "La diaspora malagasy en France et dans le monde : une communauté invisible ?," Working Papers DT/2017/18, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    3. Flore Gubert, 2014. "The discourse and practice of co-development in Europe," Chapters,in: International Handbook on Migration and Economic Development, chapter 5, pages 113-151 Edward Elgar Publishing.

    More about this item


    International Migration; Home Town Associations; HTA; Public Goods;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa


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