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Taxe carbone, une mesure socialement régressive ? Vrais problèmes et faux débats

Author

Listed:
  • Emmanuel Combet

    (CIRED - Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - AgroParisTech - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - CIRAD - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement)

  • Frédéric Ghersi

    (CIRED - Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - AgroParisTech - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - CIRAD - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement)

  • Jean Charles Hourcade

    () (CIRED - Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - AgroParisTech - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - CIRAD - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement)

Abstract

This paper aims at clearing up misunderstandings about the distributive impacts of carbon taxes, which proved to be a decisive obstacle to their further consideration in public debates. It highlights the gap between partial equilibrium analyses, which are close to the agents' perception of the costs of taxation and general equilibrium analyses, which better capture its ultimate consequences. It shows that the real impact on households' income inequality is not mechanically determined by the initial energy budgets and their flexibilility but also depends upon the recycling modes of the tax revenues and their general equilibrium effects. The comparison of five tax-recycling schemes highlights the existence of trade-offs between maximizing total consumption, maximizing the consumption of the low-income classes and reducing income inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Emmanuel Combet & Frédéric Ghersi & Jean Charles Hourcade, 2009. "Taxe carbone, une mesure socialement régressive ? Vrais problèmes et faux débats," CIRED Working Papers hal-00866409, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:ciredw:hal-00866409
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00866409
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mathy, Sandrine & Fink, Meike & Bibas, Ruben, 2011. "Quel rôle pour les scénarios Facteur 4 dans la construction de la décision publique ?
      [What role for Factor 4 scenarios in public policy-making ?]
      ," MPRA Paper 32112, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Gaël Callonnec & Frédéric Reynès & Yasser Y. Tamsamani, 2012. "Une évaluation macroéconomique et sectorielle de la fiscalité carbone en France," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 121-154.
    3. Audrey Berry, 2018. "Compensating households from carbon tax regressivity and fuel poverty: a microsimulation study," CIRED Working Papers hal-01691088, HAL.
    4. Fuentes Castro, D., 2012. "Funding for green growth," Working papers 392, Banque de France.
    5. Audrey Berry, 2017. "Compensating households from carbon tax regressivity and fuel poverty: a microsimulation study," Policy Papers 2017.08, FAERE - French Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.

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