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Marché international du carbone et double dividende : antinomie ou synergie

  • Frédéric Ghersi
  • Jean-Charles Hourcade
  • Philippe Quirion

[fre] Le propos de cet article est de vérifier dans quelle mesure l'existence d'un marché international de permis d'émission de gaz à effet de serre (GES) influe-t'elle sur les possibilités nationales de double dividende (environnemental et économique) par transfert de charge fiscale de l'emploi vers les émissions de GES. Les combinaisons proposées de systèmes nationaux de permis et de taxes - étudiées à l'aide d'un modèle d'équilibre général calculable IMA- CLIM appliqué à l'économie française — sont mises au point en tenant particulièrement compte de l'économie politique de la discussion, soit de leur acceptabilité et de leur crédibilité dans un cadre réel. On montre en définitive qu'un scénario combinant une taxe-carbone appliquée à l'ensemble de l'économie hors industries grandes consommatrices d'énergie, et l'accès à un marché international du carbone pour ces dernières, est à même de conserver l'essentiel du double dividende d'une taxe sur le carbone sans exemptions, tout en étant politiquement plus acceptable. [eng] This paper aims at determining how a national double dividend through a shift of the tax burden from employment to greenhouse gases emissions is compatible with an international carbon market. The proposed combinations of national taxes and tradable permits are assessed by IMACLIM, a computable general equilibrium model applied to the French economy. They are specifically divised with a view to encompass the political economics behind the discussion, that is to ensure their credibility and acceptability in the real world. A scenario combining a general carbon tax with exemption for the energy-intensive industries, and an emission quota for the latter, with access to an international carbon market, appears to maintain much of the double dividend obtained by a general tax without exemption, with an improved political feasability.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 16 (2001)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 149-177

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2001_num_16_2_1511
Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2001.1511
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rfeco

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