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Marché international du carbone et double dividende : antinomie ou synergie

Listed author(s):
  • Frédéric Ghersi
  • Jean-Charles Hourcade
  • Philippe Quirion

[fre] Le propos de cet article est de vérifier dans quelle mesure l'existence d'un marché international de permis d'émission de gaz à effet de serre (GES) influe-t'elle sur les possibilités nationales de double dividende (environnemental et économique) par transfert de charge fiscale de l'emploi vers les émissions de GES. Les combinaisons proposées de systèmes nationaux de permis et de taxes - étudiées à l'aide d'un modèle d'équilibre général calculable IMA- CLIM appliqué à l'économie française — sont mises au point en tenant particulièrement compte de l'économie politique de la discussion, soit de leur acceptabilité et de leur crédibilité dans un cadre réel. On montre en définitive qu'un scénario combinant une taxe-carbone appliquée à l'ensemble de l'économie hors industries grandes consommatrices d'énergie, et l'accès à un marché international du carbone pour ces dernières, est à même de conserver l'essentiel du double dividende d'une taxe sur le carbone sans exemptions, tout en étant politiquement plus acceptable. [eng] This paper aims at determining how a national double dividend through a shift of the tax burden from employment to greenhouse gases emissions is compatible with an international carbon market. The proposed combinations of national taxes and tradable permits are assessed by IMACLIM, a computable general equilibrium model applied to the French economy. They are specifically divised with a view to encompass the political economics behind the discussion, that is to ensure their credibility and acceptability in the real world. A scenario combining a general carbon tax with exemption for the energy-intensive industries, and an emission quota for the latter, with access to an international carbon market, appears to maintain much of the double dividend obtained by a general tax without exemption, with an improved political feasability.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 16 (2001)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 149-177

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2001_num_16_2_1511
Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2001.1511
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  1. Martin L. Weitzman, 1974. "Prices vs. Quantities," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 41(4), pages 477-491.
  2. John Pezzey, 1992. "The Symmetry between Controlling Pollution by Price and Controlling It by Quantity," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 25(4), pages 983-991, November.
  3. Minh Ha-Duong & Jean Charles Hourcade & Franck Lecocq, 1999. "Dynamic consistency problems behind the Kyoto protocol," Post-Print halshs-00002459, HAL.
  4. Pearce, David W, 1991. "The Role of Carbon Taxes in Adjusting to Global Warming," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(407), pages 938-948, July.
  5. Parry, Ian W. H. & Bento, Antonio M., 2000. "Tax Deductions, Environmental Policy, and the "Double Dividend" Hypothesis," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 67-96, January.
  6. Hoel, Michael, 1996. "Should a carbon tax be differentiated across sectors?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 17-32, January.
  7. Mireille Chiroleu-Assouline, 2001. "Le double dividende. Les approches théoriques," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 16(2), pages 119-147.
  8. Jean-Charles Hourcade & Frédéric Ghersi, 2000. "Le rôle du changement technique dans le double dividende d'écotaxes," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 143(2), pages 47-68.
  9. Clinton R. Shiells & Kenneth A. Reinert, 1993. "Armington Models and Terms-of-Trade Effects: Some Econometric Evidence for North America," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 26(2), pages 299-316, May.
  10. Goulder, Lawrence H. & Schneider, Stephen H., 1999. "Induced technological change and the attractiveness of CO2 abatement policies," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(3-4), pages 211-253, August.
  11. Schneider, Kerstin, 1997. " Involuntary Unemployment and Environmental Policy: The Double Dividend Hypothesis," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 99(1), pages 45-49, March.
  12. Marsiliani, L. & Renstrom, T.I., 1997. "Imperfect Competition, Labour Market Distortions and the Double Divident Hypothesis," Discussion Papers 97-26, Department of Economics, University of Birmingham.
  13. Koskela, Erkki & Schob, Ronnie, 1999. "Alleviating unemployment:: The case for green tax reforms," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(9), pages 1723-1746, October.
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