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Marché international du carbone et double dividende : antinomie ou synergie

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  • Frédéric Ghersi
  • Jean-Charles Hourcade
  • Philippe Quirion

Abstract

[fre] Le propos de cet article est de vérifier dans quelle mesure l'existence d'un marché international de permis d'émission de gaz à effet de serre (GES) influe-t'elle sur les possibilités nationales de double dividende (environnemental et économique) par transfert de charge fiscale de l'emploi vers les émissions de GES. Les combinaisons proposées de systèmes nationaux de permis et de taxes - étudiées à l'aide d'un modèle d'équilibre général calculable IMA- CLIM appliqué à l'économie française — sont mises au point en tenant particulièrement compte de l'économie politique de la discussion, soit de leur acceptabilité et de leur crédibilité dans un cadre réel. On montre en définitive qu'un scénario combinant une taxe-carbone appliquée à l'ensemble de l'économie hors industries grandes consommatrices d'énergie, et l'accès à un marché international du carbone pour ces dernières, est à même de conserver l'essentiel du double dividende d'une taxe sur le carbone sans exemptions, tout en étant politiquement plus acceptable. [eng] This paper aims at determining how a national double dividend through a shift of the tax burden from employment to greenhouse gases emissions is compatible with an international carbon market. The proposed combinations of national taxes and tradable permits are assessed by IMACLIM, a computable general equilibrium model applied to the French economy. They are specifically divised with a view to encompass the political economics behind the discussion, that is to ensure their credibility and acceptability in the real world. A scenario combining a general carbon tax with exemption for the energy-intensive industries, and an emission quota for the latter, with access to an international carbon market, appears to maintain much of the double dividend obtained by a general tax without exemption, with an improved political feasability.

Suggested Citation

  • Frédéric Ghersi & Jean-Charles Hourcade & Philippe Quirion, 2001. "Marché international du carbone et double dividende : antinomie ou synergie," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 16(2), pages 149-177.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2001_num_16_2_1511
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2001.1511
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. John Pezzey, 1992. "The Symmetry between Controlling Pollution by Price and Controlling It by Quantity," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 25(4), pages 983-991, November.
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    9. Jean-Charles Hourcade & Frédéric Ghersi, 2000. "Le rôle du changement technique dans le double dividende d'écotaxes," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 143(2), pages 47-68.
    10. Clinton R. Shiells & Kenneth A. Reinert, 1993. "Armington Models and Terms-of-Trade Effects: Some Econometric Evidence for North America," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 26(2), pages 299-316, May.
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    12. Schneider, Kerstin, 1997. " Involuntary Unemployment and Environmental Policy: The Double Dividend Hypothesis," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 99(1), pages 45-49, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Emmanuel Combet & Frédéric Ghersi & Jean Charles Hourcade & Daniel Théry, 2010. "Carbon Tax and Equity : The Importance of Policy Design," Post-Print halshs-00692516, HAL.
    2. Emmanuel Combet & Frédéric Ghersi & Jean Charles Hourcade, 2009. "Taxe carbone, une mesure socialement régressive ? Vrais problèmes et faux débats," CIRED Working Papers hal-00866409, HAL.
    3. Emmanuel Combet & Frédéric Ghersi & Jean Charles Hourcade & Daniel Théry, 2009. "Need a Carbon Tax be Socially Regressive ? True Challenges and Wrong Debates," CIRED Working Papers hal-00866410, HAL.
    4. Emmanuel Combet & Frédéric Ghersi & Jean Charles Hourcade & Daniel Théry, 2009. "Need a Carbon Tax be Socially Regressive ? True Challenges and Wrong Debates," Working Papers hal-00866410, HAL.
    5. Emmanuel Combet & Frédéric Ghersi & Jean Charles Hourcade, 2009. "Taxe carbone, une mesure socialement régressive ? Vrais problèmes et faux débats," Working Papers hal-00866409, HAL.

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