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Simulating the Distributional Effects of a Canadian Carbon Tax

  • Kirk Hamilton
  • Grant Cameron
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    It is estimated that a tax of roughly $102 per ton of carbon is the level necessary to meet the Rio target for carbon emissions. Cost-push simulations show consumers expenditure to be the category of demand most affected by the tax (prices increase by 2.0-2.4 percent), and commercial transportation the most affected production sector (2.2-2.6 percent). Micro-simulations calculate the average incidence of the tax to range from $552 to $657 per family per year, with moderately regressive results: decreases in consumable income for the lowest income quintile are from 1.1 to 1.2 percent higher than for the highest. Low income married couples are the family type most heavily affected by the tax.

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    Article provided by University of Toronto Press in its journal Canadian Public Policy.

    Volume (Year): 20 (1994)
    Issue (Month): 4 (December)
    Pages: 385-399

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    Handle: RePEc:cpp:issued:v:20:y:1994:i:4:p:385-399
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