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The Gender Imbalance in Participation in Canadian Universities (1977-2003)

Author

Listed:
  • Louis N. Christofides

    () (Department of Economics, Universities of Cyprus and Guelph.)

  • Michael Hoy

    () (Department of Economics, University of Guelph)

  • Ling Yang

    () (Department of Economics, University of Guelph)

Abstract

Data from the Survey of Consumer Finances and the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics indicate that more females than males have been attending Canadian universities over the past decade. This gender imbalance in the attendance rates of females and males increased substantially during the 1990s. Various decompositions are applied, using linear and nonlinear regression techniques, to investigate the factors that explain this imbalance. It is found that the higher university premium for females and its increase relative to that for males explains a large part of the imbalance in the university attendance.

Suggested Citation

  • Louis N. Christofides & Michael Hoy & Ling Yang, 2006. "The Gender Imbalance in Participation in Canadian Universities (1977-2003)," Working Papers 0610, University of Guelph, Department of Economics and Finance.
  • Handle: RePEc:gue:guelph:2006-10
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Fairlie, Robert W, 1999. "The Absence of the African-American Owned Business: An Analysis of the Dynamics of Self-Employment," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(1), pages 80-108, January.
    2. A.L Robb & L. Magee & J.B. Burbidge, 2003. "WAGES in CANADA: SCF, SLID, LFS and the Skill Premium," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 106, McMaster University.
    3. Brian A. Jacob, 2002. "Where the boys aren't: Non-cognitive skills, returns to school and the gender gap in higher education," NBER Working Papers 8964, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Jacob, Brian A., 2002. "Where the boys aren't: non-cognitive skills, returns to school and the gender gap in higher education," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(6), pages 589-598, December.
    5. J. B. Burbidge & L. Magee & A. Leslie Robb, 2002. "The Education Premium in Canada and the United States," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 28(2), pages 203-217, June.
    6. David Neumark, 1988. "Employers' Discriminatory Behavior and the Estimation of Wage Discrimination," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 23(3), pages 279-295.
    7. Neill, Christine, 2009. "Tuition fees and the demand for university places," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 561-570, October.
    8. Fred Evers & John Livernois & Maureen Mancuso, 2006. "Where are the Boys? Gender Imbalance in Higher Education," Higher Education Management and Policy, OECD Publishing, vol. 18(2), pages 1-13.
    9. Finnie, Ross & Lascelles, Eric & Sweetman, Arthur, 2005. "Who Goes? The Direct and Indirect Effects of Family Background on Access to Post-secondary Education," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2005237e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
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    Cited by:

    1. Vincenzo Caponi & Miana Plesca, 2009. "Post-secondary education in Canada: can ability bias explain the earnings gap between college and university graduates?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 42(3), pages 1100-1131, August.

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