A bio-economic model for the ecosystem-based management of the coastal fishery in French Guiana
This paper offers a theoretical and empirical modeling for ecosystem-based fishery management (EBFM). A multi-species and multi-fleets model integrating Lokta-Volterra trophic dynamics and profit functions is developed for the coastal fishery of French Guiana. This small-case fishery constitutes a challenging example with high fish biodiversity, several non selective fleets and a potentially increasing local food demand due to demographic pressure. The dynamic model is calibrated with thirteen species and four fleets using catch and effort data on a monthly basis from 2006 to 2009. Several contrasting fishing scenarios including status quo, total closure, economic and viable strategies are simulated and compared from both biodiversity preservation and socio-economic performance viewpoints. We show that fishing outputs including food supply and profitability of fleets can be sustained although a significant loss of biodiversity cannot be avoided.
|Date of creation:||2011|
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