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Spatial distribution of innovative activities and economic performances: A geographical-friendly model

Author

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  • Eric BROUILLAT (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113)
  • Yannick LUNG (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113)

Abstract

The paper identifies 5 stylized facts to characterize the geographic distribution of innovative activities in France (mainly its high concentration in the region Ile-de-France). It proposes an original model of regional growth in a knowledge-based economy considering the density of RD activities and the connectivity to the other regions. The model is computed and run into 2 different configurations: equidistribution and overconcentration. The simulations’ results lead to the conclusion that the equidistribution configuration is Pareto-efficient (higher growth rate of the national economy, lower income spatial inequalities) compared to the overconcentration. Policy implications are discussed in conclusion.

Suggested Citation

  • Eric BROUILLAT (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Yannick LUNG (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113), 2010. "Spatial distribution of innovative activities and economic performances: A geographical-friendly model," Cahiers du GREThA 2010-11, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  • Handle: RePEc:grt:wpegrt:2010-11
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    File URL: http://cahiersdugretha.u-bordeaux4.fr/2010/2010-11.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Lafourcade, Miren & Thisse, Jacques-François & Toutain, Jean-Claude, 2011. "The rise and fall of spatial inequalities in France: A long-run perspective," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 243-271, April.
    2. Martin, Philippe & I.P. Ottaviano, Gianmarco, 1999. "Growing locations: Industry location in a model of endogenous growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 281-302, February.
    3. Christophe Carrincazeaux & Yannick Lung, 2004. "Configurations régionales des dynamiques d'innovation et performances des régions françaises," Post-Print hal-00185972, HAL.
    4. Christophe Carrincazeaux & Marie Coris, 2011. "Proximity and Innovation," Chapters,in: Handbook of Regional Innovation and Growth, chapter 20 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Nadine Massard & Caroline Mehier, 2009. "Proximity and Innovation through an 'Accessibility to Knowledge' Lens," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(1), pages 77-88.
    6. Corinne Autant-Bernard, 2001. "The Geography Of Knowledge Spillovers And Technological Proximity," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(4), pages 237-254.
    7. Cristiano Antonelli & Pier Paolo Patrucco & Francesco Quatraro, 2008. "The governance of localized knowledge externalities," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(4), pages 479-498.
    8. Amable, Bruno, 2003. "The Diversity of Modern Capitalism," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199261147.
    9. Christophe Carrincazeaux & Yannick Lung, 2006. "Conflit ou coopération dans la géographie de l'innovation des régions françaises : la proximité de l'Ile de France comme handicap pour les espaces contigus," Post-Print hal-00150846, HAL.
    10. Christophe Carrincazeaux & Frédéric Gaschet, 2006. "Knowledge and the diversity of innovation systems: a comparative analysis of European regions," Post-Print hal-00257384, HAL.
    11. Koen Frenken & Frank Van Oort & Thijs Verburg, 2007. "Related Variety, Unrelated Variety and Regional Economic Growth," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(5), pages 685-697.
    12. Denis Carré, 2006. "Les performances paradoxales de l'économie de l'Île-de-France : essai d'interprétation," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(4), pages 575-595.
    13. Ron Boschma, 2005. "Proximity and Innovation: A Critical Assessment," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(1), pages 61-74.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bouba-Olga, Olivier & Ferru, Marie, 2011. "La dimension spatiale des collaborations pour l’innovation : une analyse sur données CIFRE (1981-2006)," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Editions NecPlus, vol. 2011(03), pages 449-468, September.
    2. Christophe CARRINCAZEAUX (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113) & Frédéric GASCHET (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113), 2012. "Knowledge and diversity of innovation systems: a comparative analysis of European regions," Cahiers du GREThA 2012-06, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
    3. Bastien Bernela & Olivier Bouba-Olga, 2013. "Le recrutement des universitaires français : de la question du localisme à celle de l'inertie spatiale," Working Papers hal-00821075, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    France; Geography of innovation; Knowledge spillover; Regional growth; Simulation;

    JEL classification:

    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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