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Credit market choice

Author

Listed:
  • Boyarchenko, Nina

    (Federal Reserve Bank of New York)

  • Costello, Anna M.

    (University of Michigan)

  • Shachar, Or

    (Federal Reserve Bank of New York)

Abstract

Which markets do institutions use to change exposure to credit risk? Using a unique data set of transactions in corporate bonds and credit default swaps (CDS) by large financial institutions, we show that simultaneous transactions in both markets are rare, with an average institution having an 11 percent probability of transacting in both the CDS and bond markets in the same entity in an average week. When institutions do transact in both markets simultaneously, they increase their speculative positions in CDS by 13 cents per dollar of bond transactions, and their hedging positions by 13 cents per dollar of bond transactions. We find evidence that, during the post-crisis rule implementation period, the incentive to use paired transactions is reduced but so is the incentive to take naked positions in the CDS market. When single name contracts become eligible for central clearing, globally systemically important institutions become more likely to use single name CDS contracts. Finally, we show that, in the aggregate, U.S. globally systemically important institutions reduce their exposure to corporate credit risk in the rule implementation period, primarily through reducing the amount of credit protection sold in the index CDS market.

Suggested Citation

  • Boyarchenko, Nina & Costello, Anna M. & Shachar, Or, 2018. "Credit market choice," Staff Reports 863, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fednsr:863
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Campello, Murillo & Matta, Rafael, 2012. "Credit default swaps and risk-shifting," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 117(3), pages 639-641.
    2. repec:fip:fednep:00048 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Yeon-Koo Che & Rajiv Sethi, 2014. "Credit Market Speculation and the Cost of Capital," American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 6(4), pages 1-34, November.
    4. Parlour, Christine A. & Winton, Andrew, 2013. "Laying off credit risk: Loan sales versus credit default swaps," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(1), pages 25-45.
    5. Ellul, Andrew & Jotikasthira, Chotibhak & Lundblad, Christian T., 2011. "Regulatory pressure and fire sales in the corporate bond market," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(3), pages 596-620, September.
    6. Hirtle, Beverly, 2009. "Credit derivatives and bank credit supply," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 125-150, April.
    7. Gündüz, Yalin & Nasev, Julia & Trapp, Monika, 2012. "The price impact of CDS trading," CFR Working Papers 12-12, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    8. Adrian, Tobias & Boyarchenko, Nina & Shachar, Or, 2017. "Dealer balance sheets and bond liquidity provision," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 92-109.
    9. Instefjord, Norvald, 2005. "Risk and hedging: Do credit derivatives increase bank risk?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 333-345, February.
    10. Nijskens, Rob & Wagner, Wolf, 2011. "Credit risk transfer activities and systemic risk: How banks became less risky individually but posed greater risks to the financial system at the same time," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 1391-1398, June.
    11. Bernadette Minton & René Stulz & Rohan Williamson, 2009. "How Much Do Banks Use Credit Derivatives to Hedge Loans?," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 35(1), pages 1-31, February.
    12. Patrick Bolton & Martin Oehmke, 2011. "Credit Default Swaps and the Empty Creditor Problem," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 24(8), pages 2617-2655.
    13. Gündüz, Yalin & Ongena, Steven & Tümer-Alkan, Günseli & Yu, Yuejuan, 2017. "CDS and credit: Testing the small bang theory of the financial universe with micro data," Discussion Papers 16/2017, Deutsche Bundesbank.
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    15. Kathryn Chen & Michael J. Fleming & John Jackson & Ada Li & Asani Sarkar, 2011. "An analysis of CDS transactions: implications for public reporting," Staff Reports 517, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mark Paddrik & Stathis Tompaidis, 2019. "Market-Making Costs and Liquidity: Evidence from CDS Markets," Working Papers 19-01, Office of Financial Research, US Department of the Treasury.
    2. repec:fip:fednep:00050 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    CDS; corporate bonds; hedging; regulation; CCPs;

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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