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The untold costs of subprime lending: examining the links among higher-priced lending, foreclosures and race in California

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  • Carolina Reid
  • Elizabeth Laderman

Abstract

This paper explores the relationship between race, subprime lending, and foreclosure in California in an effort to understand what happened during the subprime lending boom. The paper finds that communities of color have been disproportionately affected by the foreclosure crisis, and that these disparities stem from a series of complicated and interrelated factors, including borrower credit profiles, the ‘boom and bust’ housing market, and rising unemployment. However, the paper also shows that Blacks and Hispanics in California had access to very different mortgage markets, and that mortgage market channels played an important role in the likelihood of receiving a higher-priced loan. Once we control for the probability of obtaining a higher-priced loan, the differences in foreclosure rates among minorities and whites shrink considerably. This paper provides compelling evidence for the need to revisit consumer protection regulations and fair lending laws to ensure that minority borrowers aren’t unfairly being steered into different mortgage market channels. ; Paper presented at “Challenges and Opportunities for Homeownership in a Changing Financial Environment,” sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco in cooperation with The Greenlining Institute, May 6, 2009.

Suggested Citation

  • Carolina Reid & Elizabeth Laderman, 2009. "The untold costs of subprime lending: examining the links among higher-priced lending, foreclosures and race in California," Community Development Investment Center Working Paper 2009-09, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedfcw:2009-09
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    File URL: http://www.frbsf.org/publications/community/wpapers/2009/wp2009-09.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mark Doms & Frederick T. Furlong & John Krainer, 2007. "Subprime mortgage delinquency rates," Working Paper Series 2007-33, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Preeti Vissa: How Credit Scores Disproportionately Hurt Communities of Color
      by Preeti Vissa in huffington post business on 2010-12-16 02:55:33

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    Cited by:

    1. Downing, Janelle, 2016. "The health effects of the foreclosure crisis and unaffordable housing: A systematic review and explanation of evidence," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 162(C), pages 88-96.
    2. Signe-Mary McKernan & Ida Rademacher & Caroline Ratcliffe & Kasey Wiedrich & Megan Gallagher, 2011. "Weathering the storm: How have IDA homebuyers fared in the foreclosure crisis?," Housing Policy Debate, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(4), pages 605-625, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Mortgage loans ; Mortgage loans - California ; Subprime mortgage ; Foreclosure - California;

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