Price equalization does not imply free trade
In this paper we show that price equalization alone is not sufficient to establish that there are no barriers to international trade. There are many barrier combinations that deliver price equalization, but each combination implies a different volume of trade. Therefore, in order to make statements about trade barriers it is necessary to know the trade flows. We demonstrate this first theoretically in a simple two-country model. We then extend the result quantitatively to a multicountry model with two sectors. We show that for the case of capital goods trade, barriers have to be large in order to be consistent with the observed trade flows. Our model also implies that capital goods prices look similar across countries, an implication that is consistent with data. Zero barriers to trade in capital goods will deliver price equalization in capital goods, but cannot reproduce the observed trade flows in our model.
|Date of creation:||2012|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.dallasfed.org/|
More information through EDIRC
|Order Information:|| Email: |
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Chang-Tai Hsieh & Peter J. Klenow, 2003.
"Relative prices and relative prosperity,"
Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Nov.
- Michael E. Waugh, 2010.
"International Trade and Income Differences,"
American Economic Review,
American Economic Association, vol. 100(5), pages 2093-2124, December.
- R. Dornbusch & S. Fischer & P. A. Samuelson, 1976.
"Comparative Advantage, Trade and Payments in a Ricardian Model With a Continuum of Goods,"
178, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
- Dornbusch, Rudiger & Fischer, Stanley & Samuelson, Paul A, 1977. "Comparative Advantage, Trade, and Payments in a Ricardian Model with a Continuum of Goods," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(5), pages 823-39, December.
- Douglas Gollin, 2002.
"Getting Income Shares Right,"
Journal of Political Economy,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(2), pages 458-474, April.
- Piyusha Mutreja & B. Ravikumar & Raymond Riezman & Michael J. Sposi, 2013.
"Price Equalization Does Not Imply Free Trade,"
CESifo Working Paper Series
4099, CESifo Group Munich.
- Piyusha Mutreja & B. Ravikumar & Raymond Riezman & Michael Sposi, 2012. "Price equalization does not imply free trade," Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute Working Paper 129, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
- Piyusha Mutreja & B. Ravikumar & Raymond Riezman & Michael J. Sposi, 2012. "Price equalization does not imply free trade," Working Papers 2012-010, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
- Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, 1999.
"Why Do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output per Worker than Others?,"
NBER Working Papers
6564, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Why Do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output Per Worker Than Others?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 114(1), pages 83-116, February.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:fip:feddgw:129. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Amy Chapman)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.