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Price Equalization Does Not Imply Free Trade

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  • Piyusha Mutreja
  • B. Ravikumar
  • Raymond Riezman
  • Michael J. Sposi

Abstract

In this paper we show that price equalization alone is not sufficient to determine the barriers to international trade. There are many barrier combinations that deliver price equalization, but each combination implies a different volume of trade. We demonstrate this first theoretically in a simple two-country model. We then demonstrate the result quantitatively for the case of capital goods trade: barriers have to be large in order to be consistent with the observed trade flows even though our model implies that capital goods prices are similar across countries. Zero barriers to trade in capital goods will deliver price equalization in capital goods, but cannot reproduce the observed trade flows.

Suggested Citation

  • Piyusha Mutreja & B. Ravikumar & Raymond Riezman & Michael J. Sposi, 2013. "Price Equalization Does Not Imply Free Trade," CESifo Working Paper Series 4099, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4099
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Why do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output Per Worker than Others?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 114(1), pages 83-116.
    2. Piyusha Mutreja & B. Ravikumar & Raymond Riezman & Michael Sposi, 2015. "Price Equalization Does Not Imply Free Trade," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, vol. 97(4), pages 323-339.
    3. Alan M. Taylor & Mark P. Taylor, 2004. "The Purchasing Power Parity Debate," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 18(4), pages 135-158, Fall.
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    6. Armenter, Roc & Lahiri, Amartya, 2012. "Accounting for development through investment prices," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(6), pages 550-564.
    7. Chang-Tai Hsieh & Peter J. Klenow, 2007. "Relative Prices and Relative Prosperity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(3), pages 562-585, June.
    8. Douglas Gollin, 2002. "Getting Income Shares Right," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(2), pages 458-474, April.
    9. Alan M. Taylor & Mark P. Taylor, 2004. "The Purchasing Power Parity Debate," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 18(4), pages 135-158, Fall.
    10. Mutreja, Piyusha & Ravikumar, B. & Riezman, Raymond & Sposi, Michael, 2014. "Price equalization, trade flows, and barriers to trade," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 383-398.
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    Cited by:

    1. Piyusha Mutreja & B. Ravikumar & Raymond Riezman & Michael Sposi, 2015. "Price Equalization Does Not Imply Free Trade," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, vol. 97(4), pages 323-339.
    2. Michael Sposi & B Ravikumar & Piyusha Mutreja, 2014. "Capital goods trade and economic development," 2014 Meeting Papers 1374, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    3. Mark A. Wynne, 2012. "Five Years of Research on Globalization and Monetary Policy: What Have We Learned?," Annual Report, Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, pages 2-17.
    4. Mutreja, Piyusha & Ravikumar, B. & Riezman, Raymond & Sposi, Michael, 2014. "Price equalization, trade flows, and barriers to trade," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 383-398.
    5. Michael Sposi, 2015. "Navigating the Structure of the Global Economy," Annual Report, Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, pages 10-17.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    international trade; capital goods trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F01 - International Economics - - General - - - Global Outlook
    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration

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