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Challenges and Opportunities for Integrated Modeling of Climate Engineering

Author

Listed:
  • Massimo Tavoni

    (FEEM, CMCC and Politecnico di Milano)

  • Valentina Bosetti

    (FEEM, CMCC and Bocconi University)

  • Soheil Shayegh

    (Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei)

  • Laurent Drouet

    (FEEM and CMCC)

  • Johannes Emmerling

    (FEEM and CMCC)

  • Sabine Fuss

    (Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change)

  • Timo Goeschl

    (University of Heidelberg)

  • Celine Guivarch

    (CIRED)

  • Thomas S. Lontzek

    (RWTH Aachen University)

  • Vassiliki Manoussi

    (Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei)

  • Juan Moreno-Cruz

    (School of Economics and Brook Byers Institute for Sustainability Studies, Georgia Institute of Technology)

  • Helene Muri

    (University of Oslo)

  • Martin Quaas

    (Kiel University)

  • Wilfried Rickels

    (Kiel Institute for the World Economy)

Abstract

The Paris Agreement has set stringent temperature targets to limit global warming to 2°C above preindustrial level, with efforts to stay well below 2°C. At the same time, its bottom-up approach with voluntary national contributions makes the implementation of these ambitious targets particularly challenging. Climate engineering – both through carbon dioxide removal (CDR) and solar radiation management (SRM) – is currently discussed to potentially complement mitigation and adaptation. Results from integrated assessment models already suggest a significant role for some forms of climate engineering in achieving stringent climate objectives1. However, these estimates and their underlying assumptions are uncertain and currently heavily debated2–4. By reviewing the existing literature and reporting the views of experts, we identify research gaps and priorities for improving the integrated assessment of climate engineering. Results point to differentiated roles of CDR and SRM as complementary strategies to the traditional ones, as well as diverse challenges for an adequate representation in integrated assessment models. We identify potential synergies for model development which can help better represent mitigation and adaptation challenges, as well as climate engineering.

Suggested Citation

  • Massimo Tavoni & Valentina Bosetti & Soheil Shayegh & Laurent Drouet & Johannes Emmerling & Sabine Fuss & Timo Goeschl & Celine Guivarch & Thomas S. Lontzek & Vassiliki Manoussi & Juan Moreno-Cruz & H, 2017. "Challenges and Opportunities for Integrated Modeling of Climate Engineering," Working Papers 2017.38, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  • Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:2017.38
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gramstad, Kjetil & Tjøtta, Sigve, 2010. "Climate Engineering: Cost benefit and beyond," Working Papers in Economics 05/10, University of Bergen, Department of Economics.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Climate Engineering; Paris Agreement; Carbon Dioxide Removal; Solar Radiation Management; Integrated Assessment Models;

    JEL classification:

    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation

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