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Inflation expectation dynamics:the role of past, present and forward looking information

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  • Paul Hubert

    () (Ofce,Sciences-po)

  • Harun Mirza

    () (European Central Bank)

Abstract

Assuming that private agents need to learn inflation dynamics to form their inflation expectations and that they believe a hybrid New-Keynesian Phillips Curve (NKPC) is the true data generating process of inflation, we aim at establishing the role of forward-looking information in inflation expectation dynamics. We find that longer term expectations are crucial in shaping shorter-horizon expectations. Professional forecasters put a greater weight on forward-looking information presumably capturing beliefs about the central bank inflation target or trend inflation while lagged inflation remains significant. Finally,the NKPC-based inflation expectations model fits well for professional forecasts in contrast to consumers.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul Hubert & Harun Mirza, 2014. "Inflation expectation dynamics:the role of past, present and forward looking information," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2014-07, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  • Handle: RePEc:fce:doctra:1407
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Survey expectations; inflation; New Keynesian Philipps Curve;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation

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