IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/exs/wpaper/22-017.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Heterogeneous Analysis of Pollution Abatement via Renewable and Non-renewable Energy: Lessons from Investment in G20 Nations

Author

Listed:
  • Kazeem Bello Ajide

    (University of Lagos, Nigeria)

  • Ekundayo Peter Mesagan

    (University of Lagos, Nigeria)

Abstract

Environmental sustainability and climatic change mitigation seem central in the fight against global warming and continuous human sustenance in the 21st century. However, non-renewable and renewable consumption energies lie at the core of these pollution concerns, particularly among the G20 economies that are top pollution emitters in the world. Unlike other mediators in energy-pollution nexus, capital investment has been argued to ameliorate or amplify the relationship. To this end, the study specifically sets out to unravel the mediating role of capital investment in energy-pollution link together with other pollution confounders including trade openness, foreign direct investment and energy use for G20 economies over the period 1990-2017. Using the pooled mean group estimator, the study accounts for both cross-sectional dependence and heterogeneity among the countries. They key findings show that renewable energy to negatively impact carbon emissions in both the short- and long-run, while non-renewable energy positively having a reverse impact. In addition, the results show that capital investment as lowering pollution in the short-run but increases it in the long-run. Lastly, on interacting capital investment with renewable energy, pollution is found to reduce to pollution in both short- and long-run, while its interaction with non-renewable energy expands pollution in both short- and long-run. On the policy front, since capital investment provides an important channel to reduce pollution in G20 nations, it is therefore recommended that if energy consumption is to work through the capital investment channel to lower pollution in the G20, the proportion of renewable energy must increase relative to non-renewable energy in their energy mix.

Suggested Citation

  • Kazeem Bello Ajide & Ekundayo Peter Mesagan, 2022. "Heterogeneous Analysis of Pollution Abatement via Renewable and Non-renewable Energy: Lessons from Investment in G20 Nations," Working Papers 22/017, European Xtramile Centre of African Studies (EXCAS).
  • Handle: RePEc:exs:wpaper:22/017
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://publications.excas.org/RePEc/exs/exs-wpaper/Heterogeneous-Analysis-of-Pollution-Abatement-via-Renewable-and-Non-renewable-Energy.pdf
    File Function: Revised version, 2022
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Chen, Yulong & Wang, Zheng & Zhong, Zhangqi, 2019. "CO2 emissions, economic growth, renewable and non-renewable energy production and foreign trade in China," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 208-216.
    2. Halicioglu, Ferda, 2009. "An econometric study of CO2 emissions, energy consumption, income and foreign trade in Turkey," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 1156-1164, March.
    3. Zhang, Xing-Ping & Cheng, Xiao-Mei, 2009. "Energy consumption, carbon emissions, and economic growth in China," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(10), pages 2706-2712, August.
    4. Salman Haider & Masudul Hasan Adil & Aadil Ahmad Ganaie, 2019. "Does industrialisation and urbanisation affect energy consumption: A relative study of India and Iran?," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 39(1), pages 176-185.
    5. Wang, Jian & Wang, Xiao, 2015. "Benefits of foreign ownership: Evidence from foreign direct investment in China," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 325-338.
    6. Susmita Dasgupta & Benoit Laplante & Hua Wang & David Wheeler, 2002. "Confronting the Environmental Kuznets Curve," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(1), pages 147-168, Winter.
    7. Yong Ma, 2018. "Financial Development, Financial Structure, and the Growth Effect of Monetary Policy: International Evidence," Global Economic Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(4), pages 395-418, October.
    8. Im, Kyung So & Pesaran, M. Hashem & Shin, Yongcheol, 2003. "Testing for unit roots in heterogeneous panels," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 115(1), pages 53-74, July.
    9. Cowan, Wendy N. & Chang, Tsangyao & Inglesi-Lotz, Roula & Gupta, Rangan, 2014. "The nexus of electricity consumption, economic growth and CO2 emissions in the BRICS countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 359-368.
    10. Li, Zhigang & Xu, Nan & Yuan, Jia, 2015. "New evidence on trade-environment linkage via air visibility," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 72-74.
    11. Eregha, Perekunah Bright & Mesagan, Ekundayo Peter, 2017. "Energy consumption, oil price and macroeconomic performance in energy dependent African countries," Applied Econometrics, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), vol. 46, pages 74-89.
    12. Wang, Chao & Zhang, Xinyi & Ghadimi, Pezhman & Liu, Qian & Lim, Ming K. & Stanley, H. Eugene, 2019. "The impact of regional financial development on economic growth in Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei region: A spatial econometric analysis," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 521(C), pages 635-648.
    13. Huang, Shuo, 2009. "Foreign Direct Investment and Regional Growth in China," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Frankfurt a.M. 2009 14, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
    14. Andreoni, James & Levinson, Arik, 2001. "The simple analytics of the environmental Kuznets curve," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 269-286, May.
    15. Cave, Lisa A. & Blomquist, Glenn C., 2008. "Environmental policy in the European Union: Fostering the development of pollution havens?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 253-261, April.
    16. Yu Kun Wang & Li Zhang & We-me Ho, 2019. "The Economic Analysis of Carbon Emissions: Evidence from China," Applied Finance and Accounting, Redfame publishing, vol. 5(2), pages 42-52, August.
    17. Dogan, Eyup & Seker, Fahri, 2016. "The influence of real output, renewable and non-renewable energy, trade and financial development on carbon emissions in the top renewable energy countries," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 1074-1085.
    18. Eregha, Perekunah B. & Mesagan, Ekundayo P., 2020. "Oil resources, deficit financing and per capita GDP growth in selected oil-rich African nations: A dynamic heterogeneous panel approach," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 66(C).
    19. Jean-Thomas Bernard & Frédéric Clavet & Jean-Cléophas Ondo, 2004. "Electricity Production and CO2 Emission Reduction: Dancing to a Different Tune Across the Canada-US Border," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 30(4), pages 401-426, December.
    20. Wang, S.S. & Zhou, D.Q. & Zhou, P. & Wang, Q.W., 2011. "CO2 emissions, energy consumption and economic growth in China: A panel data analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(9), pages 4870-4875, September.
    21. Xian, Yujiao & Wang, Ke & Wei, Yi-Ming & Huang, Zhimin, 2019. "Would China’s power industry benefit from nationwide carbon emission permit trading? An optimization model-based ex post analysis on abatement cost savings," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 235(C), pages 978-986.
    22. Levin, Andrew & Lin, Chien-Fu & James Chu, Chia-Shang, 2002. "Unit root tests in panel data: asymptotic and finite-sample properties," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 108(1), pages 1-24, May.
    23. Charfeddine, Lanouar & Kahia, Montassar, 2019. "Impact of renewable energy consumption and financial development on CO2 emissions and economic growth in the MENA region: A panel vector autoregressive (PVAR) analysis," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 139(C), pages 198-213.
    24. Zhang, Chuanguo & Zhou, Xiangxue, 2016. "Does foreign direct investment lead to lower CO2 emissions? Evidence from a regional analysis in China," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 943-951.
    25. Cerdeira Bento, João Paulo & Moutinho, Victor, 2016. "CO2 emissions, non-renewable and renewable electricity production, economic growth, and international trade in Italy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 142-155.
    26. Inglesi-Lotz, Roula & Dogan, Eyup, 2018. "The role of renewable versus non-renewable energy to the level of CO2 emissions a panel analysis of sub- Saharan Africa’s Βig 10 electricity generators," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 36-43.
    27. Chunhua Wang, 2016. "Regional Economic Development, Energy Consumption and Carbon Emissions in China," EEPSEA Research Report rr20160338, Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA), revised Mar 2016.
    28. Ke Wang, 2016. "Potential carbon emission abatement cost recovery from carbon emission trading in China: an estimation of industry sector," CEEP-BIT Working Papers 94, Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEP), Beijing Institute of Technology.
    29. Unknown, 2016. "Energy for Sustainable Development," Conference Proceedings 253270, Guru Arjan Dev Institute of Development Studies (IDSAsr).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Hu, Bangyong & Alola, Andrew Adewale & Tauni, Muhammad Zubair & Adebayo, Tomiwa Sunday & Abbas, Shujaat, 2023. "Pathway to cleaner environment: How effective are renewable electricity and financial development approaches?," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 277-292.
    2. Ma, Beiling & Sharif, Arshian & Bashir, Madiha & Bashir, Muhammad Farhan, 2023. "The dynamic influence of energy consumption, fiscal policy and green innovation on environmental degradation in BRICST economies," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 183(C).
    3. Ekundayo Peter Mesagan & Xuan Vinh Vo & Precious Muhammed Emmanuel, 2023. "The technological role in the growth-enhancing financial development: evidence from African nations," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 56(1), pages 657-680, February.
    4. Olugbenga Olaoye & Risikat O.S Dauda, 2022. "Energy Use, Financial Development and Pollution in Selected African Countries," Journal of Economic Impact, Science Impact Publishers, vol. 4(3), pages 188-195.
    5. Mesagan, Ekundayo Peter & Charles, Ayobola Olufolake & Vo, Xuan Vinh, 2023. "The relevance of resource wealth in output growth and industrial development in Africa," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C).

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Ekundayo P. Mesagan & Wakeel A. Isola & Kazeem B. Ajide, 2019. "The capital investment channel of environmental improvement: evidence from BRICS," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 21(4), pages 1561-1582, August.
    2. Iftikhar Yasin & Nawaz Ahmad & Muhammad Aslam Chaudhary, 2021. "The impact of financial development, political institutions, and urbanization on environmental degradation: evidence from 59 less-developed economies," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 23(5), pages 6698-6721, May.
    3. Zeeshan Arshad & Margarita Robaina & Anabela Botelho, 2020. "Renewable and Non-renewable Energy, Economic Growth and Natural Resources Impact on Environmental Quality: Empirical Evidence from South and Southeast Asian Countries with CS-ARDL Modeling," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 10(5), pages 368-383.
    4. Habib Ur Rahman & Umer Zaman & Jarosław Górecki, 2021. "The Role of Energy Consumption, Economic Growth and Globalization in Environmental Degradation: Empirical Evidence from the BRICS Region," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(4), pages 1-16, February.
    5. Bella, Giovanni & Massidda, Carla & Mattana, Paolo, 2014. "The relationship among CO2 emissions, electricity power consumption and GDP in OECD countries," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 970-985.
    6. Shahnazi, Rouhollah & Dehghan Shabani, Zahra, 2021. "The effects of renewable energy, spatial spillover of CO2 emissions and economic freedom on CO2 emissions in the EU," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 169(C), pages 293-307.
    7. Omri, Anis & Daly, Saida & Rault, Christophe & Chaibi, Anissa, 2015. "Financial development, environmental quality, trade and economic growth: What causes what in MENA countries," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 242-252.
    8. Ekundayo Peter Mesagan & Mike I. Nwachukwu, 2018. "Determinants of Environmental Quality in Nigeria: Assessing the Role of Financial Development," Econometric Research in Finance, SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Collegium of Economic Analysis, vol. 3(1), pages 55-78, September.
    9. Tiba, Sofien & Belaid, Fateh, 2020. "The pollution concern in the era of globalization: Do the contribution of foreign direct investment and trade openness matter?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(C).
    10. Dong, Kangyin & Dong, Xiucheng & Ren, Xiaohang, 2020. "Can expanding natural gas infrastructure mitigate CO2 emissions? Analysis of heterogeneous and mediation effects for China," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(C).
    11. Bouznit, Mohammed & Pablo-Romero, María del P., 2016. "CO2 emission and economic growth in Algeria," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 93-104.
    12. Zameer, Hashim & Yasmeen, Humaira & Zafar, Muhammad Wasif & Waheed, Abdul & Sinha, Avik, 2020. "Analyzing the association between Innovation, Economic Growth, and Environment: Divulging the Importance of FDI and Trade Openness in India," MPRA Paper 101323, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2020.
    13. Usama Al-Mulali & Ilhan Ozturk & Hooi Lean, 2015. "The influence of economic growth, urbanization, trade openness, financial development, and renewable energy on pollution in Europe," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 79(1), pages 621-644, October.
    14. Chen, Chaoyi & Pinar, Mehmet & Stengos, Thanasis, 2022. "Renewable energy and CO2 emissions: New evidence with the panel threshold model," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 194(C), pages 117-128.
    15. Chen, Ping-Yu & Chen, Sheng-Tung & Hsu, Chia-Sheng & Chen, Chi-Chung, 2016. "Modeling the global relationships among economic growth, energy consumption and CO2 emissions," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 420-431.
    16. Acheampong, Alex O. & Dzator, Janet & Savage, David A., 2021. "Renewable energy, CO2 emissions and economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa: Does institutional quality matter?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 43(5), pages 1070-1093.
    17. Pham Ngoc-Tham & Pham Trung-Kien & Cao Viet Hieu & Tran Ha Giang & Vo Xuan Vinh, 2020. "The Impact of International Trade on Environmental Quality: Implications for Law," Asian Journal of Law and Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 11(1), pages 1-12, April.
    18. Sinha, Avik & Shahbaz, Muhammad & Balsalobre, Daniel, 2017. "Exploring the Relationship between Energy Usage Segregation and Environmental Degradation in N-11 Countries," MPRA Paper 81212, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 07 Sep 2017.
    19. Iftikhar Yasin & Nawaz Ahmad & M. Aslam Chaudhary, 2020. "Catechizing the Environmental-Impression of Urbanization, Financial Development, and Political Institutions: A Circumstance of Ecological Footprints in 110 Developed and Less-Developed Countries," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 147(2), pages 621-649, January.
    20. Antonakakis, Nikolaos & Chatziantoniou, Ioannis & Filis, George, 2015. "Energy Consumption, CO2 Emissions, and Economic Growth: A Moral Dilemma," MPRA Paper 67422, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital Investment; Renewable Energy; Non-renewable Energy; Carbon Emissions;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • O50 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - General

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:exs:wpaper:22/017. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Anutechia Asongu Simplice (email available below). General contact details of provider: http://excas.org/ .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.