IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Une évaluation empirique de la nouvelle tarification de l'assurance automobile (1992) au Québec

Listed author(s):
  • G. Dionne
  • C. Vanasse

The goal of this research was to evaluate the effects of the 1992 change in the automobile insurance pricing by the Société de l'assurance automobile du Québec (SAAQ, the public insurer for bodily injuries) on road safety. Our results indicate that the new pricing system reduced infractions and accidents which means that it increased road safety. Moreover, our results show that the total number of demerit points accumulated over two years is a good predictor for road accidents in the next two-year period which supports the pricing formula of the SAAQ. Finally, we obtain that this pricing policy introduces more fairness in actuarial terms by charging higher premia to higher risks. These results were obtained from the parameters estimation of the Negative Binomial distribution with random effects to take into account of the panel characteristics of the data. Le but de cette recherche était d’évaluer l’effet du changement de tarification de 1992 sur la sécurité routière au Québec. Nos résultats indiquent que le changement de tarification a réduit les nombres d’infractions et les nombres d’accidents, deux variables qui mesurent indirectement la non-prévention routière. De plus, nos résultats indiquent que le nombre de points d’inaptitude accumulés au cours d’une période de deux ans est un bon prédicteur du nombre d’accidents de la période suivante de deux ans ce qui supporte la politique de tarification de la SAAQ. En effet, cette politique en plus d’inciter plus de prudence, fait payer des contributions d’assurance proportionnelles aux risques individuels. En d’autres termes, le changement de 1992 a réintroduit une tarification des risques plus équitable au sens actuariel en faisant payer aux risques élevés des contributions d’assurance plus élevées. Ces résultats ont été obtenus de l’estimation des paramètres de la loi de distribution binomiale négative avec effets aléatoires pour tenir compte de l’aspect panel des données.

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

Paper provided by THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise in its series THEMA Working Papers with number 97-22.

in new window

Date of creation: 1997
Handle: RePEc:ema:worpap:97-22
Contact details of provider: Postal:
33, boulevard du port - 95011 Cergy-Pontoise Cedex

Phone: 33 1 34 25 60 63
Fax: 33 1 34 25 62 33
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Boyer, M. & Dionee, G. & Vanasse, C., 1990. "Econometric Models Of Accident Distributions," Cahiers de recherche 9001, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  2. Steven Shavell, 1979. "On Moral Hazard and Insurance," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 93(4), pages 541-562.
  3. Dahlby, B. G., 1983. "Adverse selection and statistical discrimination : An analysis of Canadian automobile insurance," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 121-130, February.
  4. Dionne, G & Vanasse, C, 1992. "Automobile Insurance Ratemaking in the Presence of Asymmetrical Information," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 7(2), pages 149-165, April-Jun.
  5. Drew Fudenberg & Jean Tirole, 1988. "Moral Hazard and Renegotiation in Agency Contracts," Working papers 494, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  6. J. A. Hausman, 1976. "Specification Tests in Econometrics," Working papers 185, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  7. Jewitt, Ian, 1988. "Justifying the First-Order Approach to Principal-Agent Problems," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(5), pages 1177-1190, September.
  8. Georges Dionne & Christian Gourieroux & Charles Vanasse, 1998. "Evidence of Adverse Selection in Automobile Insurance Markets," Working Papers 98-24, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  9. Fluet, C. & Pannequin, F., 1995. "Insurance Contracts Under Adverse Selection with Random Loss Severity," Papers 30, Laval - Laboratoire Econometrie.
  10. Rogerson, William P, 1985. "Repeated Moral Hazard," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(1), pages 69-76, January.
  11. Picard Pierre, 1986. "On the design of incentive schemes under moral hazard and adverse selection," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 8602, CEPREMAP.
  12. Chiappori, P.A. & Macho, I. & Rey, P. & Salanié, B., 1989. "Repeated Moral Hazard: The Role of Memory, Commitment, and the Access to Credit Markets," DELTA Working Papers 89-18, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  13. Crocker, Keith J. & Snow, Arthur, 1985. "The efficiency of competitive equilibria in insurance markets with asymmetric information," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 207-219, March.
  14. Rose Anne Devlin, 1993. "Automobile Insurance in Ontario: Public Policy and Private Interests," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 19(3), pages 298-310, September.
  15. Steven Shavell, 1979. "Risk Sharing and Incentives in the Principal and Agent Relationship," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 10(1), pages 55-73, Spring.
  16. Boyer, Marcel & Dionne, Georges, 1989. "An Empirical Analysis of Moral Hazard and Experience Rating," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 71(1), pages 128-134, February.
  17. Gourieroux, Christian & Monfort, Alain & Trognon, Alain, 1984. "Pseudo Maximum Likelihood Methods: Applications to Poisson Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 701-720, May.
  18. Cameron, A Colin & Trivedi, Pravin K, 1986. "Econometric Models Based on Count Data: Comparisons and Applications of Some Estimators and Tests," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 1(1), pages 29-53, January.
  19. Marcel Boyer & Georges Dionne, 1987. "Description and Analysis of the Quebec Automobile Insurance Plan," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 13(2), pages 181-195, June.
  20. Allen, Franklin, 1985. "Repeated principal-agent relationships with lending and borrowing," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 17(1-2), pages 27-31.
  21. Gourieroux, C. & Visser, M., 1997. "A count data model with unobserved heterogeneity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 79(2), pages 247-268, August.
  22. Hausman, Jerry & Hall, Bronwyn H & Griliches, Zvi, 1984. "Econometric Models for Count Data with an Application to the Patents-R&D Relationship," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(4), pages 909-938, July.
  23. Richard A. Lambert, 1983. "Long-Term Contracts and Moral Hazard," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 14(2), pages 441-452, Autumn.
  24. Devlin, R.A., 1988. "Liability Versus No-Fault Automobile Insurance Regimes: An Analysis Of The Experience In Quebec," Working Papers 88126, Wilfrid Laurier University, Department of Economics.
  25. Crocker, Keith J & Snow, Arthur, 1986. "The Efficiency Effects of Categorical Discrimination in the Insurance Industry," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(2), pages 321-344, April.
  26. Chassagnon, A. & Chiappori, P.A., 1994. "Insurance Under Moral Hazard and Adverse Selection: The Case of Pure Competition," Papers 28, Laval - Laboratoire Econometrie.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ema:worpap:97-22. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Stefania Marcassa)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.