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Search Frictions, Efficiency Wages and Equilibrium Unemployment

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  • Christopher Martin

    (University of Bath)

  • Bingsong Wang

    (University of Bath)

Abstract

This paper analyses equilibrium unemployment in a model that combines efficiency wages with search and matching frictions in the labour market. We express equilibrium unemployment as the sum of a pure efficiency wage component and a component that reflects search frictions. Using standard values of calibrated parameters, we argue that over 85% of equilibrium unemployment is due to effciency wage effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Christopher Martin & Bingsong Wang, 2014. "Search Frictions, Efficiency Wages and Equilibrium Unemployment," Department of Economics Working Papers 26/14, University of Bath, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:eid:wpaper:45163
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Equilibrium Unemployment Theory, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262161877, January.
    2. Lawrence J. Christiano & Martin S. Eichenbaum & Mathias Trabandt, 2016. "Unemployment and Business Cycles," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 84, pages 1523-1569, July.
    3. Danthine, Jean-Pierre & Kurmann, André, 2010. "The business cycle implications of reciprocity in labor relations," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(7), pages 837-850, October.
    4. Robert Shimer, 2005. "The Cyclical Behavior of Equilibrium Unemployment and Vacancies," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(1), pages 25-49, March.
    5. Diamond, Peter A, 1982. "Aggregate Demand Management in Search Equilibrium," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(5), pages 881-894, October.
    6. Mortensen, Dale T. & Pissarides, Christopher A., 1999. "New developments in models of search in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 39, pages 2567-2627 Elsevier.
    7. Anna Zaharieva (Chizhova), 2010. "Working Effort and Endogenous Job Separations in Search Equilibrium," Working Paper Series of the Department of Economics, University of Konstanz 2010-06, Department of Economics, University of Konstanz.
    8. Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-444, June.
    9. Dennis Wesselbaum, 2013. "Reciprocity and matching frictions," International Review of Economics, Springer;Happiness Economics and Interpersonal Relations (HEIRS), vol. 60(3), pages 247-268, September.
    10. Summers, Lawrence H, 1988. "Relative Wages, Efficiency Wages, and Keynesian Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(2), pages 383-388, May.
    11. Solow, Robert M., 1979. "Another possible source of wage stickiness," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 79-82.
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