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Spatial distribution of R&D expenditure and patent applications across EU regions and its impact on economic cohesion

  • Carmela Martín
  • Carlos Mulas-Granados
  • Ismael Sanz

This article explores the spatial distribution of regional technology indicators in the EU over the last decade and its impact on cohesion. Thus, we find that public R&D spending and patent applications have converged among regions during the nineties. On the other hand, private R&D activities have diverged, as a result of an asymmetric expansion during the second half of the nineties. We show that when the dispersion of public R&D across regions diminished in the second half of the nineties, income disparities at regional level also decreased. Therefore, while technology policy based on efficiency criteria should remain as a policy tool for economic growth, this policy should be counterbalanced by R&D funds to the least developed regions to maintain economic cohesion.

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Paper provided by European Economy Group in its series European Economy Group Working Papers with number 32.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:eeg:euroeg:32
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