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Virtual proximity and audiovisual services trade

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  • Schmitz, Martin
  • Hellmanzik, Christiane

Abstract

Audiovisual services such as music and movies in digital formats have gained substantial importance over the last decade. This paper analyses audiovisual services in a gravity model framework. In particular, we explore the role of virtual proximity - a new proxy for cultural proximity based on bilateral hyperlinks and bilateral website visits between countries - and find that JEL Classification: F12, F15, Z10

Suggested Citation

  • Schmitz, Martin & Hellmanzik, Christiane, 2015. "Virtual proximity and audiovisual services trade," Working Paper Series 1826, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20151826
    Note: 1865580
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    File URL: https://www.ecb.europa.eu//pub/pdf/scpwps/ecbwp1826.en.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Yi Li, 2020. "Internet Development and Structural Transformation: Evidence from China," Journal of Applied Finance & Banking, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 10(1), pages 1-8.
    2. Gianpiero Meloni & Dimitri Paolini & J. D. Tena, 2018. "American beauty: trade flows and export costs of US movies," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 42(4), pages 701-716, November.
    3. Savina Gygli & Florian Haelg & Niklas Potrafke & Jan-Egbert Sturm, 2019. "The KOF Globalisation Index – revisited," The Review of International Organizations, Springer, vol. 14(3), pages 543-574, September.
    4. Hellmanzik, Christiane & Schmitz, Martin, 2017. "Taking gravity online: The role of virtual proximity in international finance," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 164-179.
    5. Harms, Philipp & Shuvalova, Daria, 2020. "Cultural distance and international trade in services: A disaggregate view," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 44(2).
    6. Christine Côté & Saul Estrin & Daniel Shapiro, 0. "Expanding the international trade and investment policy agenda: The role of cities and services," Journal of International Business Policy, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 0, pages 1-25.
    7. Christiane Hellmanzik & Martin Schmitz, 2016. "The impact of cultural exceptions: audiovisual services trade and trade policy," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(10), pages 695-700, July.
    8. Naoto Jinji & Ayumu Tanaka, 2020. "How does UNESCO’s Convention on Cultural Diversity affect trade in cultural goods?," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 44(4), pages 625-660, December.
    9. Masood, Maria, 2019. "New evidence on income and the geographical distribution of imports: The case of audiovisuals," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(3), pages 717-734.
    10. Xianhai Huang & Xueyin Song & Xinyue Hu, 2018. "Does “Internet Plus” Promote New Export Space for Firms? Evidence from China," China & World Economy, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 26(6), pages 50-71, November.
    11. Christine Côté & Saul Estrin & Daniel Shapiro, 2020. "Expanding the international trade and investment policy agenda: The role of cities and services," Journal of International Business Policy, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 3(3), pages 199-223, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    audiovisual services; cultural proximity; hyperlinks; international trade; internet;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • Z10 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - General

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