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Multivariate quantiles and multiple-output regression quantiles: from L1 optimization to halfspace depth

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  • Marc Hallin
  • Davy Paindaveine
  • Miroslav Siman

Abstract

A new multivariate concept of quantile, based on a directional version of Koenker and Bassett’s traditional regression quantiles, is introduced for multivariate location and multiple-output regression problems. In their empirical version, those quantiles can be computed efficiently via linear programming techniques. Consistency, Bahadur representation and asymptotic normality results are established. Most importantly, the contours generated by those quantiles are shown to coincide with the classical halfspace depth contours associated with the name of Tukey. This relation does not only allow for efficient depth contour computations by means of parametric linear programming, but also for transferring from the quantile to the depth universe such asymptotic results as Bahadur representations. Finally, linear programming duality opens the way to promising developments in depth-related multivariate rank-based inference.

Suggested Citation

  • Marc Hallin & Davy Paindaveine & Miroslav Siman, 2008. "Multivariate quantiles and multiple-output regression quantiles: from L1 optimization to halfspace depth," Working Papers ECARES 2008_042, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Handle: RePEc:eca:wpaper:2008_042
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Paindaveine, Davy & Siman, Miroslav, 2011. "On directional multiple-output quantile regression," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 102(2), pages 193-212, February.
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    6. Robert Serfling, 2010. "Equivariance and invariance properties of multivariate quantile and related functions, and the role of standardisation," Journal of Nonparametric Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(7), pages 915-936.
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