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Educational Reform and Labor Market Outcomes: the Case of Argentina’s Ley Federal de Educación

Author

Listed:
  • María Laura Alzúa

    (Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) - FCE - UNLP)

  • Leonardo Gasparini

    (Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) - FCE - UNLP)

  • Francisco Haimovich

    (Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) - FCE - UNLP)

Abstract

In the nineties Argentina implemented a large education reform (Ley Federal de Educación – LFE) that mainly implied the extension of compulsory education in two additional years. The timing in the implementation substantially varied across provinces, providing a source of identification for unraveling the causal effect of the reform. The estimations from difference-indifference models suggest that the LFE had an overall positive although mild impact on education and labor outcomes. The impact on the income-deprived youths was small for education outcomes and null for labor outcomes. En los noventa Argentina implementó una reforma educativa (la Ley Federal de Educación – LFE) que implicó principalmente la extensión de la educación obligatoria en dos años adicionales. El timing en la implementación fue sustancialmente diferente entre provincias, lo cual provee una fuente de identificación del efecto causal de la reforma. Las estimaciones de modelos de diferencias dobles sugieren que la LFE tuvo un impacto global positivo pero moderado sobre los resultados educativos y laborales. El impacto sobre los jóvenes pobres fue pequeño en términos educativos y nulo en términos laborales.

Suggested Citation

  • María Laura Alzúa & Leonardo Gasparini & Francisco Haimovich, 2010. "Educational Reform and Labor Market Outcomes: the Case of Argentina’s Ley Federal de Educación," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0111, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  • Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0111
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Colm Harmon; & Ian Walker, 1995. "Estimates of Economic Return to Schooling in the UK," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n540195, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    2. Lance Lochner & Enrico Moretti, 2004. "The Effect of Education on Crime: Evidence from Prison Inmates, Arrests, and Self-Reports," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 155-189, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Cruces, Guillermo & Glüzmann, Pablo & Calva, Luis Felipe López, 2012. "Economic Crises, Maternal and Infant Mortality, Low Birth Weight and Enrollment Rates: Evidence from Argentina’s Downturns," World Development, Elsevier, pages 303-314.
    2. María Edo & Mariana Marchionni & Santiago Garganta, 2015. "Conditional Cash Transfer Programs and Enforcement of Compulsory Education Laws. The case of Asignación Universal por Hijo in Argentina," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0190, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    3. repec:spr:izamig:v:7:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1186_s40176-017-0100-8 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty

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